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英単語帳(NGSL)

NGSLとは

NGSL(New General Service List)は、Browne, C., Culligan, B., and Phillips, J.による、CC-BY-SAライセンスで公開されている英語の単語リスト。
以下の英単語一覧は、NGSLを元に制作した。

TSLとは

TSL(TOEIC Service List)は明治学院大学のCharles Browne教授と青山学院女子短期大学のBrent Culligan教授が選定した、TOEICに頻出する英単語のリスト。

ライセンス

この記事にはNGSL/NAWL Definitions — New General Service List (Browne, C., Culligan, B., and Phillips, J.)を加工して転載した内容が含まれているため、この記事の内容はCC BY-SA 4.0 Internationalの下で再許諾いたします。

a

a

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
a One (of something) article 一つの

ab

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
abandon to leave someone you should stay to take care of verb (人を)見捨てる; あきらめる
ability The power, money, or skill to do something n 能力
able Having the ability to do something adj 〜することができる
abortion A medical operation to end a pregnancy n 流産;中絶
about of (a subject); concerning prep ~について
above In a higher place than something else adv 〜の上に
abroad In or to a foreign country adv 海外に
absence fact of not being present, or not existing n 不在;欠席;不足
absolute Complete and total adj 絶対的な;完全な
absolutely completely; totally; very adv 完全に
abstract Concerning something that doesn't exist physically adj 抽象的な; 理論的な
abuse To use in an inappropriate or excessive way verb 乱用する

ac

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
academic educator who works at a college or university n 学者; 大学教授
accept to agree to receive or take something offered verb 受け入れる;受け取る
acceptable Satisfactory; good enough adj 許容できる
access way to enter a place, e.g. a station or stadium n アクセス;接近
accident sudden unplanned event causing damage, injury etc n 事故;偶然
accommodation place to stay, often a hotel n 宿泊施設
accompany To do (e.g. travel, play music) with someone verb 同行する;付随して起こる
accomplish to succeed in doing; complete successfully verb 達成する
accord agreement or harmony n 一致する
account arrangement with a bank to keep your money for you n (預金)口座
accurate With no mistake or error; Correct adj 正確な
accuse To claim that someone has done something wrong verb 訴える;非難する
achieve To succeed in doing something good, usually by working hard verb 達成する
achievement Something good that you have successfully done n 達成;成果
acknowledge To say you accept the truth or value of something verb 認める
acquire to get or earn something by thinking or working verb 獲得する;習得する
acquisition Process of acquiring; thing that is acquired n 獲得;買収
across From one side to the other of something adv 横切って;交差して
act To behave in a certain way verb 行動する
action Something that a person or thing does n 行動
active Moving around a lot or doing many things adj 活動的な;能動的な
activity An action or task, e.g. sports, washing your clothes n 活動
actor Person who acts in the theater, movies, or TV n 俳優
actual Real or existing in fact, not imagined; real adj 実際の
actually used to add new (often different) information adv 実際は
Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ad public notice or advertisement n 広告
adapt To change something to fit or suit a new purpose verb 適応する
add To put two things or numbers together, e.g. 2+2 verb 加える
addition Fact of adding something; thing that is added n 追加
additional Further or added adj 追加の
address exact street location of a place n 住所; アドレス
adequate enough; good enough for what is needed adj 適正な;十分な
adjust To change so as to fit in with new conditions verb 順応する
adjustment A small change to make something function better n 適応
administration The work of running something, e.g. a business n 管理
admire To feel respect or wonder toward someone verb 賞賛する;感心する
admit To agree that you did something bad, or that something bad is true verb 認める
adopt to take on responsibility for something verb 採用する;取り入れる
adult person or animal that is fully grown n 大人,成人
advance To move forward in a certain direction verb 前進する,進む
advantage thing making the chance of success higher n 利点
adventure An exciting and often dangerous experience n 冒険
advertise to show how good a product is, to make people buy verb 宣伝する
advertisement poster, TV, film showing advantages of new product n 広告
advice suggestion about what someone should do n 助言
advise To suggest what should be done verb 忠告する; 勧める
adviser Someone giving advice in business, law etc n 助言者;顧問
advocate To publicly support a belief, or to request change verb 提唱する;主張する

af

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
affair event or a set of events, often unpleasant ones n 事件; 事柄; 問題
affect To do something that changes something else verb 影響する
afford to have enough money to pay for something verb ~する余裕がある
afraid Worried that something bad will happen; scared adj 怖がって
after Later than another time, or behind something adv ~後で;~を追って
afternoon time after 12:00 and before the evening meal n 午後

ag

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
again One more time, once more adv 再び;その上
against in opposition to; disagreeing with prep ~に反対して
age number of years a person has lived (also of things) n 年齢
agency business that provides some service for others n 代理店
agenda plan or policy to achieve your goal or intentions n 議題; 政策; 方針
agent person who can represent and decide for others n 代理人; エージェント
aggressive behaving in a hostile and threatening way adj 積極的な; 攻撃的な; 好戦的な
ago At a specified length of time in the past adv ~前に
agree to have the same opinion as someone else verb 同意する;一致する;合う
agreement when you share the same opinion or reach a decision n 合意;協定;一致
agricultural Concerning farming adj 農業の

ah

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ahead In or toward the front adv 前方に;先に

ai

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
aid To provide things useful or needed by others verb 援助する
aim act of pointing something at a target n 目指す; 狙う; 銃や矢を~に向ける
air mixture of gases around the earth that we breathe n 空気
aircraft vehicle that can fly n 航空機
airline company that flies passengers in its planes n 航空会社

al

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
alarm sound or light used for a warning or alert n 警報;アラーム
album book with a collection of photographs or pictures n (写真の)アルバム
alcohol Drinks such as wine, whiskey, beer n アルコール飲料
alive Living; not dead adj 生きている
all completely; totally adv すべて
allege to State without proof verb 主張する
allow To let or permit someone do something verb 許可する
ally Someone who supports, helps, or defends you n 同盟国
almost Only a little less than, nearly, not quite adv ほとんど
alone Without anyone or anything else adv 独りで;ただ~だけ
along At a point on a line prep ~に沿って
alongside Side by side with something prep ~と並んで;~のそばに;~と平行して
already Having happened or been done before this time adv すでに
alright OK; fine; good adv 申し分ない;大丈夫である;了解した
also In addition; too; in a similar way adv ~もまた;同様に;その上
alter To change a part of something e.g. clothing verb 変更する
alternative Other choices n 選択肢;代替案
although Despite the fact that; however conj 〜だけれども
altogether Completely and fully adv 完全に;全部で;要するに
always at all times; in every situation adv いつも

am

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
amaze To cause wonder; to surprise completely verb びっくりさせる
amendment a change, addition, or improvement to something n 改正
among In the center of some things; in relation to several things prep 〜の間に;~の中の
amount quantity of something n 量;総計,合計に達する;結局~なる

an

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
analysis careful study to better understand something n 分析
analyst Someone who is skilled at studying details of data n 分析家;アナリスト
analyze To study carefully to find out the meaning of verb 分析する
ancient Very old ; having lived a very long time ago adj 古代の
and used to refer to two or more things conj ~と・・・
anger To make someone mad, upset, or annoyed verb 怒らせる
angle place where two lines or surfaces meet n 角度
angry Having a strong feeling of being upset adj 腹を立てている
animal A living creature that is not a plant or person n 動物
announce To make a public statement about a plan, decision verb 知らせる;公表する
announcement act of informing people about something publicly n お知らせ
annual happening once a year, or every year adj 毎年の
another one more (thing); additional (thing) det もう一つの;別の
answer solution to a problem or test question n 答え
anticipate To expect or look ahead to something positively verb 予期する;予測する; 期待する
anxiety Fear about what might happen; worry n 不安
anxious Afraid of what may happen; worried and nervous adj 心配している
any one (thing) of many; some (thing) det (疑問文で)何か;いくらか,(否定文で)どれも;少しも,(肯定文で)どれでも
anybody Any person; anyone pron (疑問文で)誰か,(否定文で)誰も,(肯定文で)誰でも
anymore No longer; no more adv もはやこれ以上~しない
anyone Any person pron (疑問文で)誰か,(否定文で)誰も,(肯定文で)誰でも
anything thing of any kind; used to refer to a thing in questions n (疑問文で)何か,(否定文で)何も,(肯定文で)何でも
anyway A word people use to change the topic of a conversation adv とにかく;いずれにせよ
anywhere in, at or to any place; used in questions, with 'not' adv (疑問文で)どこかへ,(否定文で)どこにも,(肯定文で)どこでも

ap

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
apart Separated by an amount of time or space adv 離れて;別々に
apartment set of rooms to live in on one floor of a building n アパート
apologize To say sorry because of a mistake or injury verb 謝罪する
apparent Easy to see or clearly understand adj 明白な
apparently according to what you heard; from what can be seen adv 明白に;見掛けは
appeal To request a judge or others change a decision verb 訴える
appear to be seen, become visible; come into sight verb 現れる
appearance The way that something looks n 外観;出現;状況
application formal request for job, building permission etc n 申し込み; 申請
apply to ask formally for (job, building permission etc) verb 申し込む;申請する
appoint To officially choose a person for a job, position verb 任命する; 指定する
appointment time you arranged to meet someone or do something n 予約; 約束
appreciate to be thankful for; to value or admire verb ありがたく思う;感謝する
approach To get close to reaching something or somewhere verb 近づく; 接近する
appropriate Right or suitable for some situation or purpose adj 適切な
approval positive opinion of something or someone n 賛成;是認
approve To have a positive opinion of someone or something verb 賛成する;是認する
approximately around; nearly; almost; about (a number) adv 約;大体
april 4th month of the year n 4月

ar

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
architecture the design and construction of buildings n 建築学;建築物
area A specific section or space; part of a region n 地域;場所
argue To give reasons for or against an idea or point of view verb 言い争う
argument A discussion in which you disagree with another’s opinion n 口論
arise To result or happen due to a particular event verb 生じる;起こる
arm part of your body from your shoulder to your hand n
army large group of soldiers organized to fight in wars n 軍隊
around Located on every side, or along something adv ~の周りに
arrange To organize things into an order for them to happen verb きちんと並べる; 整える
arrangement organized plan, event for a time and place n 打ち合わせ;準備
arrest To use the law to catch and keep people who committed crimes verb 逮捕する
arrival when someone or something gets to at a place n 到着
arrive to reach the place you are travelling to verb 到着する
art A creative skill using the imagination, e.g. painting n 芸術
article piece of writing about a particular subject n 記事;文書
artist A person who is skilled and creative in art, such as a painter n 芸術家;アーティスト

as

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
as word that is used to compare two equal things prep 同じぐらい;~のように
ashamed Feeling shame or guilt because you did something wrong adj 恥じている
aside to the side; out of the way; for later use adv わきへ
ask To say to someone that you want something verb 尋ねる;求める;頼む
assess To judge something's value or suitability verb 評価する;査定する
assessment conclusion/opinion formed after due consideration n 評価
asset thing that has value to you n 資産;貴重なもの
assign To give someone a particular job or something to do verb 割り当てる;指定する
assist to help verb 手伝う;援助する
assistance act of helping someone n 援助
assistant person who helps another, usually as a job n 助手
associate partner in professional work, e.g. in law n 同僚;仕事仲間
association organization of people with the same interest n 団体; 協会
assume to believe, based on the evidence; suppose verb 仮定する;推測する
assumption something you believe to be so, but aren't sure of n 仮定;憶説
assure To make sure that something happens verb 保証する

at

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
at in the place where something is prep ~の所で;~に
athlete person trained to compete in sports n スポーツ選手
atmosphere the air around us n 大気;空気
attach To be associated or connected with verb 取り付ける;添付する
attachment strong affection for someone n 愛着;愛情
attack to try to destroy, beat, or injure verb 攻撃する
attempt To try to do something challenging or difficult verb 試みる;企てる
attend To be present at an event verb 出席する
attendance state of being present at a place or event n 出席
attention focus of your thoughts on something n 注意;注目
attitude way you act, think and feel about something n 態度
attract To make someone notice and become interested in verb 魅了する;引きつける
attraction interesting place people want to visit e.g. museum n 観光スポット
attractive making you like them, as by being good-looking adj 魅力的な
attribute quality or characteristic that someone or something has, e.g. size or color n 属性; 特質

au

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
audience group of people listening, watch a play, movie etc n 観客
august 8th month of the year n 8月
author person who writes books, plays, poems etc n 著者
automatically in a way not requiring control by a person adv 自動的に
autumn The season when the weather is getting colder, after summer n

av

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
available present and able to be used adj 利用できる
average typical or normal; usual; ordinary adj 平均の;普通の
avoid To prevent from happening, or stay away from verb 避ける

aw

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
award To give a prize for doing something well verb 授与する,賞
aware Knowing or feeling that something exists adj 気づいている
awareness Having knowledge of something n 認識
away Not here; far from here; in a different direction adv 離れて
awful Very bad; horrible; terrible adj 恐ろしい;ひどい

b

ba

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
baby very young child, who cannot yet speak n 赤ん坊
back have returned to a place you were before adv もとに戻って
background images, color, or information behind the main one n 背景
bad Not good; wrong adj 悪い
badly Not in a good way; not as wanted or liked adv 悪く
bag soft container to put things in and carry with you n かばん;バッグ;袋
balance To make two or more things equal verb 釣り合う; バランスをとる
ball small round object often used in a game or sport n ボール;球
ban To make something illegal or not allowed verb 禁止する,禁止
band group of people who work together e.g. play music n バンド; 楽団
bank A financial institution that keeps or lends money n 銀行
bar To prevent entry, exit or an action verb 妨げる; (道を)ふさぐ
barely In a way that is difficult but still possible; almost not adv かろうじて
barrier structure or object that stops free movement n バリア;障壁
base origin or start from which something came n 基; 基礎, 基づく
basic at the most important or easiest (beginner) level adj 基本的な
basically Used before you explain something simply adv 基本的には
basis starting situation, fact, idea to develop from n pl. 基準;基礎
bath long container you fill with hot water to wash in n 浴槽
battle military fight between armies n 戦い、戦闘

be

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
be Being verb ~である
beach large area of sand, next to an area of water n 砂浜
bear large brown animal with fur that lives in forests n
beat To win against another person or team; defeat verb 打ち負かす
beautiful Having very attractive or appealing physical qualities adj 美しい
beauty The quality of being physically or visually attractive n 美人
because For a reason conj なぜなら~だから
become To begin to be; grow to be; develop into verb ~になる
bed A piece of furniture that people sleep on n ベッド
bedroom room with a bed, for sleeping in n 寝室
beer alcoholic drink that is made from wheat or grains n ビール
before At a time earlier than the present; previously adv 以前に
begin To do the first part of an action; to start verb 始まる;始める
behave to act in a particular way; to act correctly verb 振る舞う
behavior the way a person or thing acts; manner n 行動
behind In or toward the back adv ~の後ろに
belief Being sure that something exists or is true n 信念
believe To think or accept that something is true verb 信じる
bell object shaped like a cup that rings when hit n ベル
belong To be a member of a particular group and feel welcomed verb 属する
below In a lower position, place, or level adv 下に;低く
belt band of material worn around a person's waist n ベルト
bend To use force to make an object not straight verb 曲げる
beneath Under; In or to a lower position; below prep ~の下に
benefit good result or effect, something advantageous n 利益、特典
beside By the side of something; next to something prep ~の近くに;~の 隣に
besides Other than or in addition to prep ~のほか;~を除いて,その上
bet To gamble money to win more money, e.g. on horses verb 賭ける
between In the space that separates two objects prep ~の間に
beyond On or to the farther side; in addition to adv ~の向こうに;~を超えて;~のほかに

bi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
bias preference to believe things even if incorrect n pl. 偏見;バイアス
bid To propose an amount you want to pay for something verb 入札,値をつける
big Large adj 大きい
bike 2-wheeled vehicle ridden by pushing on foot pedals n オートバイ;自転車
bill piece of paper showing what you have to pay n 請求書
billion number 1,000,000,000 num 十億
bin type of container, usually for trash n ゴミ箱;容器
bind To wrap something with rope verb 縛る;結ぶ
biological Something related to life and living things adj 生物学的な
bird animal with feathers that uses wings to fly n
birth time when a baby or young animal is born n 誕生
bit small piece of something n 少し;部分
bite To press down on or cut into something with the teeth verb かむ,かむこと

bl

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
black color of the sky on a dark night adj 黒い
blame To say someone is responsible for something bad verb 非難する
bless To make something holy by saying a special prayer verb 祝福する
blind Unable to see; with eyes that cannot see adj 目の見えない
block To stop from going forward or making progress verb 妨げる; 塞ぐ
blood red liquid in the bodies of people and animals n
bloody Covered or spotted with blood on the surface adj 血がついた,ひどく
blow To move something using air verb 吹き飛ばす
blue color of the clear sky adj 青い

bo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
board surface for posting or showing information n (特定の目的のための)板; 台; 盤
boat small form of transport for traveling on water n ボート;船
body A person's physical self n 体;人
bomb to drop a bomb on; attack with explosives verb 爆撃する
bond To become joined or connected, e.g. using glue verb くっつける; 接着する
bone hard piece of your body that forms the skeleton n
book Thing made of pages with writing on that you read n
boom To make a deep hollow resonant sound verb ブーンという音;ブーム
boost To help increasing progress or growth verb 後押し,促進する;引き上げる
boot footwear covering your foot and part of your leg n ブーツ; 長靴
border line separating one country, state from another n 境界; 国境
bore To make someone not interested in something adj 退屈させる
borrow To take and later return something from another verb 借りる
boss The person who manages you, or is in charge of you at work n 上司;ボス
both Used to refer to two things at the same time adj 両方
bother To take the trouble to do something verb 悩ませる;思い悩む
bottle container with a narrow neck used to hold liquids n ボトル;瓶
bottom lowest part of something; part on which it rests n
boundary Where one area ends and another begins n 境界
bowl round container used for holding rice, soup etc n ボウル
box A container with (usually) four straight sides and a lid n 箱;ボックス
boy A young male person n 男の子

br

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
brain The part of the head that thinks and controls your body n 脳;頭脳
branch part of a tree growing outward from the trunk n
brand name given to a product or service e.g. Rolex, Ferrari n ブランド;銘柄
bread Baked food made from flour, used in sandwiches, etc. n パン
break to separate into pieces by force, or by dropping verb 壊す;折る
breakfast first meal of the day n 朝食
breast two soft round parts on a woman’s chest. n
breath air you take in and out of your body n 息;呼吸
breathe To move air into and out of your lungs verb 呼吸する
breed To produce baby animals of specific kinds verb 動物が子を生む; 繁殖する
bridge structure built over river/road so you can cross n
brief (of period of time) short; using few words adj 短時間の;簡潔な
briefly Happening in a short period of time; using few words adv 簡潔に
bright Producing a lot of light adj 明るい; まぶしい
brilliant Having a great amount of intelligence or talent adj 才気ある
bring to take or go with someone to a place verb 持ってくる;もたらす;至らせる
broad wide; from the shorter two sides to the other adj 広範囲の
broadcast To send out signals by radio or television verb 放送する
brother A boy or man who shares a parent with you n 兄弟;仲間
brown of the color of coffee or chocolate adj 茶色の
brush thing used to comb your hair or to clean the floor n 磨いたり払うためのハケ

bu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
budget the amount of money planned to be spent on something n 予算
build To make, e.g. a house, by putting materials together verb 建てる;作る
bunch group of things of the same kind n
burden To weigh down with a load, impose a task upon verb 荷物;負担
burn To destroy with fire verb 燃える;焼く
burst To break in a sudden and violent way verb 破裂する; 爆発する
bury To put something into the ground and cover it verb 埋める; 埋葬する
bus A large road vehicle used for carrying many people n バス
business A company formed for making profit n 会社
busy working hard doing something; full of activity adj 忙しい
but Used before you say something different, opposite conj でも
button small round piece material used to fasten clothing n ボタン
buy To get something by paying money for it verb 買う
buyer A person who buys, e.g. a customer in a store n 買い手

by

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
by Near; with prep ~の近くに

c

ca

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
cable wire carrying electricity, TV signals, internet etc n 電線
cake A sweet baked food made from flour, eggs, fat and sugar n ケーキ
calculate To find an answer using mathematics verb 計算する
call To phone someone verb 電話する
calm Relaxed and not worried or angry adj 穏やかな
camera object that takes pictures digitally, or on film n カメラ
camp place where people live for a short time in tents n キャンプ
campaign To work in an organized and active way towards a goal verb 運動;キャンペーン
can To be able to; have the skill to; have the time to aux 〜することができる
cancel To stop a planned event from happening verb 取り消す
cancer Any growth caused by abnormal cell division n
cap small, soft hat often with a front visor or shade n 帽子
capability means, ability, or potential to do something n 能力
capable Having the ability to do something; can do adj 能力がある
capacity Ability to hold, involve or contain people or things n 能力;容量
capital Main, or major adj 主要な
capture To catch and prevent person/animal from being free verb 捕まえる
car A vehicle with four wheels and engine that can carry things n
carbon chemical element with an atomic number of 6 n 炭素
card small piece of paper or plastic used as I.D. n カード
care to look after someone or something verb 世話をする
career particular occupation in professional life n 経歴;職業
careful Thinking about what you are doing in order to avoid a mistake adj 注意深い
carefully In a manner that involves focus and care adv 注意深く
carpet colored floor covering made of wool, etc n カーペット
carry To hold something and move it to another place verb 運ぶ;持つ
case example or instance of something n 場合
cash physical money (not credit card or digital) n 現金
cast people who appear in a play or movie n 配役
castle large defensive building in historical times n
cat animal of the lion, tiger and leopard family n
catalog list of items that are available for purchase, usually in the form of a book n カタログ
catch use your hands to stop and hold something flying verb 捕まえる
category groups of things that are similar in some way n 部門;カテゴリー
cause To make something happen; create effect or result verb ~の原因となる;引き起こす;~させる

ce

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
celebrate To observe an event or occasion, e.g. a birthday verb 祝う
celebration party/event where people rejoice over something n お祝い
cell short for 'cellphone' n 携帯電話
cent 100th of the basic unit of money e.g. there are 100 of these in a dollar n セント
center place in the middle of something n 中心
central Being in the middle adj 中央の; 主要な
century period of 100 years n 世紀
ceremony special social or religious event n 儀式
certain Being sure about something; without doubt adj 確信している;必ず~する;明白である;若干の
certainly (said when something is definitely true or is sure to happen) adv 確かに

ch

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
chain series of (metal) connected links or rings n 繋ぎ、連鎖
chair A piece of furniture you sit on when sitting at a table or desk n 椅子
chairman A man in charge of a meeting n 議長; 会長
challenge an activity you wish to try that may be hard to do n 挑戦
chamber enclosed space that holds something e.g. bullets in a gun n 部屋;評議会
champion person who fights for or supports strongly n チャンピオン;優勝者
championship sports competition to find the best player or team n 選手権
chance The possibility that something will happen n 機会;可能性;偶然
change To make or become different, or into something else verb 変える; 変わる
channel long hole dug in the ground n 溝を掘る; 溝
chapter One of the main sections of a book n
character Your personality or nature n 性格; 性質; 特徴
characteristic Typical or distinctive adj 特徴的な
characterize To describe the qualities of person, place, thing verb ~とみなす; 描く; 特徴づける
charge To ask for money as a price for a service or goods verb 請求する
charity institution providing help to the needy, the sick n 慈善団体
charm quality of making people like you; attractiveness n 魅力,魅了
chart drawing showing information in a clear way n 図表
chase To go after someone or something with the intent to catch verb 追いかける,追跡
chat To talk in a friendly and relaxed manner verb おしゃべりする;チャットする
cheap Not costing a lot of money adj 安い
check To confirm the details of something are correct verb 確認する
cheek soft skin on each side of the face, below the eyes n
cheese yellowish solid food made from aged milk n チーズ
chemical basic substance produced by mixing elements n 化学の,化学製品
chest strong, lidded container for storing things n (頑丈な)収納箱
chicken A bird which cannot fly that is raised for its eggs and meat n ニワトリ
chief most important one adj 主要な; 最重要の
child A very young person, between about 2 and 15 n 子ども
childhood The time when you are a child n 子供時代
chip To break a piece off something e.g. a cup verb 削り取る
chocolate A hard brown candy made from cocoa beans n チョコレート
choice decision between two or more possibilities n 選択
choose To select; decide between several possibilities verb 選ぶ
church building where christians gather and pray to god n 教会

ci

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
cigarette white stick filled with tobacco and covered in paper n タバコ
circle A perfectly round shape n 円;輪
circumstance condition or fact that affects a situation n 状況
cite To reference the work of others in your writing verb 引用する
citizen person who belongs to and has rights in a country n 市民
city A heavily populated area with many buildings and roads n 市;都市
civil of citizens of a country; not military/criminal adj 市民の
civilian ordinary person who is not in the army n 民間人

cl

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
claim To say something is true when others may not agree verb 主張する;要求する
class rank or level in society, ranked from high (rich professional people) to low (ordinary people) n 階級; ランク
classic Something popular or famous for a long time n 一流作品;古典
classical Concerning ideas considered to be traditional adj 古典的な
clause specific term or demand in a legal agreement n 条項
clean Being free from dirt or marks because it was washed adj きれいな;清潔な
clear Easy to understand; well-explained; obvious adj はっきりした
clearly In a way that is easy to understand; obviously adv はっきりと
climate typical weather conditions in a particular place n 気候
climb To rise gradually and steadily to a higher point verb 登る
clinical Concerning the treatment or observing patients adj 臨床の
clock A device that shows the time n 時計
close Next to; only a short distance away adv 近い
closely nearby; just next to adv 密接に
clothes The things you wear on your body e.g. shirt, dress, tie n pl. 衣服
clothing The things you wear on your body e.g. shirt, dress, tie n 衣類
cloud a mass of water vapor in the sky, as when it is going to rain n 雲;曇り
club group of people who share an interest, as in sport n クラブ; 同好会; 会員制組織,
cluster To come together as in a cluster or flock verb 房;群れ,房になる;群がる

co

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
coach person who teaches others how to do (sport, job) n コーチ
coal dark hard substance from the earth burnt as a fuel n 石炭
coast land near the sea or ocean n 海岸
coat clothing worn outside over your normal clothes n 上着; コート
code a password made of a set of letters or numbers n 符号;コード
coffee A brown drink made from roasted beans and boiled water n コーヒー
coin A small, flat piece of metal used as money n 硬貨
cold Having a very low temperature adj 冷たい;寒い
collapse To suddenly fall down or break apart into pieces verb 崩壊する
colleague person you work together or cooperate with n 同僚
collect To gather things/people together in one place verb 集める
collection group of similar things gathered as a hobby n 収集物(品); コレクション
college school or educational institution for adults n 大学;(米)単科大学
color Quality of things you can see, e.g. red, blue n
column regular series of articles in newspaper or magazine n コラム; 囲み記事
combination act or result of mixing things together n 組み合わせ
combine To mix several things together to form one thing verb 組み合わせる
come To move toward someone; go with someone verb 行く
comedy Light or amusing play or film, usually with a happy ending n コメディー
comfort state of being relaxed, warm or happy n 快適さ; 安楽
comfortable not being worried about something; at ease adj 快適な; 心地よい
command To give an order; have control over others verb 指揮する
comment something you say, giving an opinion; remark n 論評;コメント
commercial radio or television advertisement n コマーシャルの
commission group officially put in charge of e.g. education n 委員会
commit to do something bad, usually a crime verb (罪などを)犯す
commitment promise or decision to do something for a purpose n 約束; 誓約
committee group of people who do or decide something n 委員会
common typical, normal; not unusual adj 共通の; 普通の; 一般的な
communicate To give and exchange information verb 伝える
communication talking to people; giving information to people n コミュニケーション;通信
community group of people who share a common idea or area n 地域社会
company A business that sells things or provides services n 会社
compare To consider how similar and different things are verb 比較する
comparison Looking for differences and similarities in two or more things n 比較
compensation (money) given or received as payment for loss n 補償
compete To try to beat others at something, e.g. a race verb 競争する
competition fighting against others when trying to win something n 競争
competitive Being strongly driven to win or be better than adj 競争の;競争心の強い
competitor someone taking part in race, business, etc n 競争相手
complain To say something is wrong and should be changed verb 不平を言う
complaint Saying something is wrong and should be changed n 苦情
complete To finish or reach the end of doing something verb 完全にする;完成させる
completely In every way or as much as possible adv 完全に
complex Difficult, not easy to understand or explain adj 複雑な
complexity state of having many parts and not being simple n 複雑さ
complicate To make more difficult to do, understand or use verb 複雑にする
component One of the parts that consists something adj 構成要素;部品
compose To come together to form or make something e.g. music verb 作成する;構成する
composition way in which something is put together e.g an essay or piece of music n 構成;組成;合成物;作文;作曲
compound Combined into, or making up a chemical combination n 合成物; 化合物, 合成された
comprehensive Including most or all things adj 包括的な;理解力のある
comprise To make up or form something verb 含む;構成する
compromise To come to agreement by mutual concession verb 妥協する;危険にさらす,妥協
compute To find out by calculating or estimating verb 計算する
computer A machine for storing information and accessing the internet n コンピュータ
concentrate to pay great attention to a task; focus verb 集中する
concentration paying ( a lot of) attention to a task n 集中;濃度
concept abstract idea of something or how it works n 概念
concern feeling of worry or anxiety n 心配; 懸念
concert Musical entertainment given in public by one or more performers n コンサート
conclude To stop or finish; to come to the end of something verb 結論を出す;締結する
conclusion judgment or opinion after thinking for a while n 結論;締結
concrete hard substance used in building made by mixing cement, sand, small stones, and water n コンクリート, コンクリートで固める 
condition the state of living you are in, e.g. good health n 状態; 状況
conduct To direct, lead or guide something verb 導く; 案内する
confidence feeling that you can do well at something n 自信
confident feeling that you can do well at something adj 自信のある
confirm To provide evidence to establish the truth of verb 確認する
conflict To have opposite ideas; to disagree; To not match verb 矛盾する;衝突する
confuse To make something unclear or hard to understand verb 混乱させる
confusion Not knowing what to do; state of disorder n 混乱
connect To join or attach things together verb つなぐ;接続する
connection something that joins things together; being joined n 接続
consequence outcome of an event; result n 結果
consequently therefore; as a result of something adv その結果として
conservative Resistant to change adj 保守的な
consider To think carefully about something verb 考慮する;みなす
considerable large in size, amount, or effect adj かなりの
consideration careful thought; thinking about something n 考慮事項
consist To have as an essential, necessary or main part verb ~から成り立つ
consistent In agreement or consistent or reliable adj 一貫した;一致した
constant Happening frequently or without pause adj 不変の;不断の
constantly frequently or without pause adv 絶えず
constitute To appoint to an office, function, or dignity verb 構成する
constraint Thing that prevents you moving or acting; restriction n 制約
construct To build or create something verb 組み立てる;建てる
construction act of building something; thing that is built n 構造;建造
consult To discuss something to make a decision verb 相談する;調べる
consultant expert who gives (paid) advice n コンサルタント ;顧問
consume To eat, drink, buy or use up something verb 消費する
consumer person who uses goods or services; individual buyer n 消費者
contact To get in touch with someone verb 接触する;連絡する
contain To hold something inside something else verb 含む;入る
contemporary Being of the time being discussed n 現代の;同時期に起こる
content information in something, e.g. a book or computer program n 内容; 中身
contest struggle or competition between rivals n 競争,争う
context set of facts surrounding a person or event n 文脈;状況
continue To do something without stopping, or after pausing verb 続く
continuous Happening, existing, or being performed without stops adj 連続的な
contract legal agreement, e.g. for doing work for money n 契約
contrast to compare; to show clear, obvious differences verb 対照させる
contribute To donate, give (money) or help to something verb 寄付する
contribution Helping a cause by giving money, things, services n 寄付
control To direct or influence the behavior of something verb 支配する;管理する;抑制する;照査する
controversial Causing a great deal of argument, discussion, or conflict adj 物議を醸す
convention large formal assembly n 大会;慣習;条約
conventional Following the common attitudes and practices adj 従来の
conversation when you talk with other people; discussion or chat n 会話; 対談
convert To change form, character, or function to another verb 変換する
convince To persuade someone, or make them feel sure verb 納得させる
cook To heat food until it is ready to eat verb 料理する
cool Almost cold; not warm or hot adj 涼しい;冷たい
cooperation instance when someone agrees to work with at least one other person, to get something done n 協力
cope To deal with something in spite of difficulties verb 対処する
copy To make something that looks the same as the original verb 写す; コピーする; まねる
core important central part of something n 中核部;髄
corner place where two lines, sides, corners etc meet n コーナー;角;地域;窮地
corporate Concerning (usually large) companies adj 法人組織の;団体の
corporation big company or a combination of several companies n 法人;会社
correct True or accurate adj 正しい,訂正する
correspond To have similarity or equality with something verb 対応する; 一致する
cost The price you pay for something n 費用
cough To force air through your throat with a short, loud noise verb 咳をする
could Used as the past form of can, to indicate possibility verb ~できた
council group chosen to make decisions about something n 評議会
counsel To listen and give expert advice to someone n 助言;弁護士
count To add things together to find the total number verb 数える;重要である
counter To indicate opposition or resistance verb 反論,反論する
country An area of land that is controlled by a government n
county administrative region within a country or a state n 郡;州
couple two of something; two people; a pair n ペア;カップ
course The route or direction that a river, etc moves along n 方向; 進路
court large, flat area, to play tennis or basketball n (テニスなどの)コート
cover thing you put over something to close or hide it n 蓋; 覆う
coverage type of programs a radio or TV station broadcasts n 報道
cow large farm animal from which we get milk and beef n

cr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
crack To almost break something verb 割れる,割れ目
craft To make by hand and with much skill verb 工芸品
crash to damage an object by causing it to hit something verb 衝突する
crazy Not being sensible or practical adj 気が狂った;夢中である
cream thick liquid rubbed into the skin n クリーム
create to make, cause, or bring into existence verb 作り出す;創造する
creation act of making something n 創造
creative Having the ability to make something new adj 創造力のある
creature animal of any type n 生き物
credit system to buy something and pay for it later n クレジット;信用
crew organized group of workers (e.g. on a ship) n 乗組員
crime act that is against the law; murder, theft etc n 犯罪
criminal Involving illegal activity ; relating to crime adj 犯罪の,犯人
crisis unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty n pl. 危機
criterion standard used to make judgments or decisions n 基準
critic person who judges (e.g. art) and gives opinions n 評論家
critical being important or serious; vital; dangerous adj 重大な;危機の
criticism negative judgment of something n 批判
criticize To say that someone or something is bad verb 批判する
crop Plants grown on a farm for food, e.g. corn or rice n 作物
cross To meet at one point verb 横断する;交差する,交差している
crowd large group of people together in one place n 群衆,群がる;押す
crucial Extremely important adj 決定的な
cry to produce tears and sounds because of pain verb 泣く

cu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
cultural of a particular society’s customs and beliefs adj 文化的な
culture beliefs and customs of a particular group n 文化;教養
cup small round container used to hold liquids for drinking n カップ
curious Wanting to know more about something adj 好奇心がある
currency money system that a country uses n 通貨
current Happening or being in the present time adj 現在の
currently Happening or being in the present time adv 現在
curtain piece of cloth used to cover a window n カーテン
curve smooth rounded line that is not straight n 曲線,曲がり
custom What is usual or normal n 習慣
customer Someone who buys goods or services from a business n 顧客
cut To use a knife or scissors to divide or open the surface verb 切る

cy

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
cycle series of regular and repeated actions n 周期;循環,循環する

d

da

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
daily Happening every day adv 日々
damage Physical harm that is done to something n 損害,損害を与える
damn Used as expletives adv ちくしょう,すごく
dance To move your body rhythmically to music verb 踊る
danger The possibility of getting hurt, damaged, or killed n 危険
dangerous involving the chance of hurt or damage; risky adj 危険な
dare To have enough courage to do something verb あえて~する
dark Having little or no light; not light in color adj 暗い
darkness The state or quality of being dark in color n 暗さ;黒さ
data Facts or information used to calculate or analyze n pl. データ
database data stored in logical order to aid retrieval n データベース
date A day in the calendar such as January 3rd n 日付
daughter A female child of someone n
day Each of the 24 hours beginning at midnight n

de

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
dead Not alive adj 死んでいる
deal to give out (cards, etc) to; distribute verb 分け与える;配る
dealer Someone who buys things to sell to others n 販売業者
dear Loved or valued very much adj 親愛な
death when someone dies; the end of life n 死;死亡
debate general public discussion of a topic n 討論
debt Sum of money owed to somebody that is not yet paid n 借金
decade period of 10 years n 10年
december The 12th month of the year n 12月
decide To make a choice about something or choose after thinking verb 決める
decision choice made after thinking; final judgment n 決定
declare To say something in an official or sure way verb 発表する
decline To not accept an invitation or offer; refuse verb 断る
decrease To reduce the size, amount or number of something verb 減る,減少する
dedicate To give your energy, time, etc. completely to someone verb 捧げる;専念する
deep Going far down from the surface adj 深い
deeply to a great, intense or extreme extent adv 深く;深刻に
defeat To be victorious over an enemy/team/disease; beat verb 敗北,負かす
defend To protect against an attack verb 守る
defense the process of protecting something from attack n 防衛
deficit property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required n 赤字;不足
define To explain the meaning of words verb 定義する
definitely Without question; beyond doubt adv 明確に
definition explanation of word's meaning, as in dictionaries n 定義
degree unit for measuring temperature or angles n 度; 程度;レベル
delay To do something later than is planned or expected verb 遅らせる,遅延
delight strong feeling of great pleasure n 大喜び,喜ばせる
deliver To take something to a person or place verb 配達する;伝える;出産する
delivery act of taking something to a person or place n 配達;話し方;出産
demand To strongly request someone to do something; insist verb 要求する,要求
democracy system of government in which everyone is equal n 民主主義 
democratic of democracy; entitling the people to power adj 民主的な
demonstrate To show how something works (e.g. product) verb 証明する;実証する
demonstration Explanation of how something works (e.g. product) n 証明;実証
density degree to which an area is filled or covered n 密度
deny To refuse to allow or accept something verb 否定する
department division of a larger part or organization n 部門;局;課;学科
depend on To rely on for support (financial or emotional) verb 依存する;頼る
dependent Someone who relies on someone for (financial) support adj 他人に頼っている
deposit part payment so that an item will be kept for you n 保証金
depress To make someone feel sad or depressed verb 落ち込ませる
depression medical condition in which a person's sadness stops him/her from living his/her life normally n 不景気;うつ病;衰弱
depth distance below a surface n 深さ
derive Formed or developed from something else; not original verb 引き出す
describe To tell someone the appearance, sound or smell of something verb 説明する;描写する
description Something that tells you what something is like or looks like n 記述;説明;描写
desert bare area of land, often with few plants and water n 砂漠
deserve To be worthy of, e.g. getting praise or attention verb 値する
design to plan in a particular way to fulfill a purpose verb 図案;設計図;計画,デザインする;考案する
designer Someone who creates plans to make something n デザイナー
desire To wish for, hope or want something verb 望む;強く欲する,欲望;願望
desk A piece of furniture like a table often with drawers n
despite Without being affected by something; in spite of prep 〜にもかかわらず
destroy To damage so badly that something no longer exists verb 破壊する
destruction Damaging something so badly that it no longer exists n 破壊
detail small part of something; tiny fact n 細部;詳細,詳しく述べる
detect To discover or identify the presence of something verb 見つける;検出する
determination will to achieve a goal despite difficulties n 決意
determine To control exactly how something will be or act verb 決定する
develop To grow bigger, more complex, or more advanced verb 発達する;開発する
development act or process of growing bigger or more advanced n 発達;開発
device object, machine, or equipment for a specific use n 装置;デバイス
devote To decide to use or give something for something else verb ささげる;当てる

di

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
dialog conversation between two or more individuals n 対話
die (of a person) to stop living verb 死ぬ
diet To eat special or less food, as to lose weight verb 食事,ダイエットする
differ To be different; to be not like others verb 異なる
difference Not of the same kind; unlike other things n 相違
different Not of the same kind; unlike other things adj 異なる;いろいろな;変わった
differently In another and different manner adv 異なって
difficult Hard; not easy; you need to work hard to do it adj 難しい
difficulty Something that is hard to do n 難しさ;困難
dig To move material to create a hole verb 掘る
digital using electronic signals or computers adj デジタルの
dimension measurable extent of length, width, or height n 寸法;面積;局面
dinner The main meal of the day, usually in the evening in the US n 夕食
direct to tell someone to do something in a straight-talking way verb 直接的な;率直な
direction Describes the way you are going, e.g. North n 方向
directly in a frank and honest way adv 直接に
director senior person who manages part of an organization n (会社の)重役;所長;監督
dirty Not clean adj 汚い
disagree To have a different opinion ; to fail to agree verb 反対する
disappear To no longer see because it’s not there any more verb 消える
disappoint To not meet the expectations of others or yourself verb 失望させる
disaster state of extreme ruin and misfortune n 災害
discipline Instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control n 規律;訓練;分野,律する
discount Make the price of something lower n 割引,割り引く
discover To find something new that was not known before verb 発見する
discovery Learning something for the first time n 発見
discuss To talk about something seriously or in great detail verb 議論する
discussion Any long communication about some particular topic n 議論
disease illness that affects a person, animal, or plant n 病気
dish shallow container that you cook or serve food in n 皿;料理
disk thin or flat, round object, e.g. for storing data n ディスク
dismiss To send someone away verb 解雇する;却下する
disorder state of confusion or a lack of organization n 無秩序;疾患;障害
display to put so they can be seen or be bought verb 表示する;展示する,表示;展示
dispute argument between two or more parties about something n 論争;紛争,論争する
distance amount of space between two places or things n 距離
distant Existing or happening far away in space adj 遠い
distinct clearly different in nature from something else adj はっきりした;明白な
distinction special quality that makes something different n 区別;差異
distinguish To be a feature to make something clearly different from others verb 区別する
distribute To hand in or deliver something to people verb 分配する
district area of a country, city, or town n 地区
disturb To stop someone from working or sleeping verb 乱す;妨げる
diversity state or quality of having a range of different things and ideas n 多様性
divide To separate something into equal pieces verb 分ける;分割する
division act of dividing; something that divides n 分割;部門
divorce legal dissolution or breakup of a marriage n 離婚する

do

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
do To act; to perform actions verb する
document official (printed) record that gives information n 文書
dog Small 4-legged animal that barks kept as a pet n
dollar A basic unit of money equal to 100 cent n ドル
domestic Concerning or made in your own country adj 国内の
dominate To control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in verb 支配する
door You walk through this when you go in a room n ドア
double Two times the amount or degree; twice prep 二倍,二倍の
doubt not being sure of something; lack of certainty n 疑い
down Going from a higher position to a lower position prep 下へ;下って
dozen 12 people or things n 1ダース

dr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
draft first attempt at a piece of writing n 下書き;草案,原稿を書く;下書きをする
drag To pull something that difficult to move verb 引っ張る
drama play that is performed on stage, theater, or TV n 劇;ドラマ
dramatic (of an event) sudden and extreme adj 劇的な 
dramatically In a sudden or extreme manner adv 劇的に
draw To create an image using pen or pencil and paper verb 線を引く;描く
dream images, thoughts, and feelings that are experienced during sleep n
dress Women's garment with a top part and a skirt n ドレス;ワンピース;服装
drink To put water in your body through your mouth verb 飲む
drive To control a vehicle so that it moves somewhere verb 運転する
driver Someone who operates a vehicle n 運転手
drop To let something fall from your hand verb 落とす
drug chemical used as a medicine n
dry Without water; not wet adj 乾いた

du

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
due when something is required or expected adj 期日の、 満期の
during At some point in the course of an event or thing prep ~の間に
dust Fine dry powder that builds up on surfaces n ほこり
duty work required by your job or position n 義務

e

ea

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
each Every one of two or more things det 各;1つ1つの
ear Thing on either side of your head that you hear with n
early Happening sooner than expected adj 早い;初期の
earn to get money for work verb 稼ぐ
earth the planet we live on n 地球
ease state of being comfortable or relaxed n 気楽さ;容易さ
easily without difficulty adv 簡単に
east The direction where the sun rises n
eastern being in the area to the east adj 東方の
easy Not hard to do; not difficult adj 簡単な;ゆったりした
eat to put food in your mouth verb 食べる

ec

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
economic Having to do with trade, industry, and money adj 経済の
economy total of all the goods, services and wages in an area n 経済

ed

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
edge boundary of a surface n 端;ふち
edit to check and makes changes before publication verb 編集する
edition form in which a book, magazine, or other text is released n
editor Person deciding the contents of a book or magazine n 編集者
educate to teach someone in a school or college verb 教育する
education process of giving or receiving teaching n 教育
educational Intended to teach or inform adj 教育の

ef

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
effect change brought about by a cause; result n 効果
effective working efficiently to produce a desired result adj 効果的な
effectively In a way that produces the desired result adv 効果的に
efficiency working well; producing something without waste n 効率
efficient Able to produce results without waste adj 効率的な;有能な
effort amount of work used trying to do something n 努力

eg

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
egg hard-shelled thing from which a young bird is born n

ei

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
eight 8 num 8
eighteen 18 num 18
eighty 80 num 80
either one of two (used when there is a choice of two) adj どちらか

el

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
elderly Being very old adv 年配の
elect to To choose to do something; to make a decision verb 選ぶ
election process of choosing someone by voting n 選挙
electric using electricity adj 電気の
electricity energy generated positive and negative charges n 電気
electronic Operating by use of electricity; digital adj 電子の
element essential or particular part of something n 要素
eleven 11 num 11
eliminate To completely remove; to get rid of verb 排除する
else otherwise; if you fail to... adv その他に;さもないと
elsewhere In or to another or different place adv どこか他の所で

em

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
e-mail communicate electronically on the computer undefined メール
embarrass to cause someone to feel uncomfortable about something verb 恥ずかしがらせる
embrace act of holding someone closely n 受け入れる;囲む;抱擁する
emerge To rise or appear out of some background verb 出現する
emergency sudden event needing an immediate action n 緊急事態
emotion a feeling such as sadness, anger or love n 感情
emotional causing, feeling, or appealing to the emotions adj 感情の
emphasis special attention, importance, or force n pl. 強調
emphasize To stress the items that are important verb 強調する
empire group of countries controlled by one government n 帝国
employ To pay a person to work for you; to give a job to verb 雇う
employee person who works for someone else for payment n 従業員
employer person or firm that hires workers n 雇用主
employment act of employing someone n 雇用
empty Containing nothing; with no contents adj 空っぽの

en

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
enable To make it possible to do something verb 可能にする
encounter To unexpectedly be faced with or experience verb 出会う,出会い
encourage To make someone more determined or confident verb 励ます;奨励する
end A point that marks the limit of something; finish n 終わり
enemy Someone who wants to harm another n
energy physical or mental strength n 精力;エネルギー
engage To carry out, participate in; be involved in verb 従事する;かみ合う
engine machine that changes energy into mechanical motion n エンジン
engineer one whose job is involved with engineering n エンジニア;技師
enhance Make effect to increase or improve verb 高める;強化する
enjoy To take pleasure in something verb 楽しむ
enormous Huge, very big, very large adj 巨大な
enough Equal to what is needed; as much as required adj 十分な,十分に
ensure To make something sure, certain, or safe verb 保証する;確保する
enter To go into a room verb 入る
enterprise Willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan n 企業; 事業; 企て
entertain To take care of guests by offering them food or drink often at your home or in a restaurant verb もてなす
entertainment activity make people have a good time by singing, telling jokes, etc n エンターテイメント; 娯楽 
entire Complete or full; with no part left out; whole adj 全体の;完全な
entirely Wholly; completely adv 全く
entitle To give a right to someone verb 資格をあたえる; 題名をつける
entrance way into a place n 入り口;入場
entry act of entering n 入場
envelope enclosing cover for a letter or card n 封筒
environment The natural world in which plants and animals live n 環境
environmental Of the natural world in which plants and animals live adj 環境の;環境保護

ep

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
episode show which is part of a larger story n エピソード;出来事

eq

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
equal same in shape, size, or number adj 等しい
equally In an equal, even, or identical manner adv 同様に;等しく
equation mathematical statement showing things to be equal n 方程式
equipment Tools or materials used to perform a task n 装置;設備
equivalent Having equality in value, use or meaning adj 同等の;相当する,同等物

er

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
era period of time that is characterized by particular events, qualities, conditions, or individuals n 時代
error Something that is not correct; a mistake n エラー;誤り

es

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
escape To get away from a place where you are being kept verb 逃げる
especially More than usual; extremely adv 特に
essay short written work that displays someone's opinions or beliefs regarding a particular subject n 小論文; エッセイ
essential Extremely important and necessary adj 不可欠な;本質的な
establish To set or create something to last for a long time verb 設立する;制定する
establishment organization, institution or place to do business n 設立;制定;施設
estate Land that a person owns n 土地;財産;地位
estimate guess or calculation of cost, size or value n 見積もり

et

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ethnic Connected with people who shares a cultural tradition adj 民族的な

ev

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
evaluate To form an idea to judge something carefully verb 評価する
evaluation judgment about the value or condition of something n 評価
even (when this is surprising) as well; too adv 更に
evening The last part of the day and early part of the night n 夕方;晩
event Something that happens n 出来事
eventually Finally adv 最終的には
ever At any time; at all times in the future adv 今までに;絶対に;ずっと;いつか;いったい
every Including each person or thing in a group det すべての;毎~
everybody Every person; everyone pron みんな;誰でも
everyday Used or seen daily; suitable for daily use; ordinary adj 毎日;日常の
everyone Every person; everybody pron みんな;誰でも
everything All of the things mentioned pron すべてのこと・もの
everywhere Every place adv どこでも;どこで~しても
evidence factual proof that helps to establish the truth n 証拠
evil Morally bad; causing harm to someone adj
evolution scientific theory that states that plants and animals change slowly over time according to the environments they live in n 進化
evolve To slowly change or develop into something better verb 進化する; 発展する

ex

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
exact Completely correct; accurate; specific adj 正確な
exactly No more and no less than; precisely adv 正確に
exam test of your knowledge of, or ability in something n 試験
examination test of your knowledge of, or ability in something n 試験
examine to test your knowledge or ability verb 試験をする;調べる
example thing/person which represents a category n
exceed To be greater in number than something verb 超える
excellent extremely good adj 非常に優れた
except Not including; other than prep ~を除いて;~以外
exception Something different or not included n 例外
excess amount that is more than necessary n 過剰,過度の
exchange To give things of similar value to each other verb 交換する
excite To make someone feel happy, interested or eager verb 刺激する;興奮させる
excitement When people feel very happy and enthusiastic n 興奮;刺激
exclude To prevent someone from access to a group verb 除外する
excuse to allow someone not to do (jury service, etc) verb 免除する
executive a senior manager in a business or organization n 幹部
exercise To work out to become stronger and healthier n 運動する
exhaust Be very very tired verb 疲れさせる
exhibit To display or make available for people to see verb 展示する;表す
exhibition public event at which an object or group of objects is put on display for people to look at n 展示;展覧会
exist to be present, alive or real verb 存在する
existence state of being present, alive or real n 存在
expand To become bigger or larger in size and amount verb 拡大する
expansion act of EXPANDING or becoming bigger n 拡大
expect To believe something is probably going to happen verb 予期する;期待する
expectation belief or hope that something is going to happen n 予想;期待
expenditure amount of money used during a certain time n 支出;費用
expense paying money for something (big) n 費用
expensive Costing a lot of money adj 値段が高い
experience knowledge gained by living life, doing new things n 経験
experiment test performed to assess new ideas or theories n 実験
experimental using techniques that are different or untried before adj 実験的な
expert skillful person with special knowledge n 専門家
explain To make clear or easy to understand by describing verb 説明する
explanation details or reasons given to make something clear n 説明
explore To examine something in detail to learn about it verb 探索する
export To send goods to be sold in another country verb 輸出する
expose To make visible, without covering or protection verb さらす;暴く
exposure state of experiencing something directly n さらすこと;暴露
express To state or show what you think or how you feel verb 表す;述べる
expression act of making your thoughts and feelings known n 表現;表情
extend To straighten or stretch something out, e.g. your leg verb 引き伸ばす;広げる
extension extra time allowed to complete something n 時間延長
extensive Large; full or complete adj 広い
extent range or space included in something n 範囲;広がり
external Outside of something adj 外部の
extra More than necessary; additional adj 余分の,余分なもの
extract Take something out of something else n 引き出す;抽出する
extraordinary Beyond what is ordinary; very unusual; remarkable adj 異常な
extreme Very great in degree adj 極端な,極度
extremely In a way that is much more than usual or expected adv 極めて

ey

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
eye The part of the body that you see with n

f

fa

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
face front part of the head where eyes, nose, and mouth are n
facility piece of equipment or buildings with a special use n 施設
fact something that is known or proved to be true n 事実
factor Something that influences a result n 要因
factory building where things are made n 工場
fade To lose strength or freshness verb しぼむ;色あせる
fail To not achieve a goal, or to go wrong verb 失敗する、目標に達成しない
failure act or result of not achieving your goals n 失敗;落第;不足
fair Treating all people the same way adj 公正な;公平な
fairly quite; pretty; between very and a little adv かなり
faith belief that that something is true without proof n 信仰;信頼
faithfully in a trustworthy manner adv 忠実に
fall Dropping from a standing position to the ground n 落下
false Not real or genuine det うその
familiar Well-known or easily recognized adj よく知られた
family a group of people who are related through blood n 家族
famous widely known; recognized by many people adj 有名な
fan thing you wave in front of your face to stay cool n 扇風機;うちわ
fancy To want to have or do something; feel like verb 好む;~したい気がする
fantastic Very fanciful in design, construction, or appearance adj 素晴らしい;幻想的な
far a long way away adj 遠い
farm Land used for growing crops or raising animals n 農場
farmer person who operates a farm n 農家の人
fascinate Attract or interest greatly verb 魅了する
fashion style of dress or activity popular at some time n 服装
fast Moving or able to move quickly adj 速い
fat oily part of meat n 脂肪
father A male parent n
fault a failure or negative aspect of n 欠点
favor helpful act of kindness n 親切,好む;賛成する
favorite Most liked; best loved adj お気に入りの

fe

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
fear unpleasant feeling caused by being aware of danger n 恐れ
feature distinctive or important point of something n 特徴
february 2nd month of the year n 2月
federal system of government adj 連邦
fee amount of money paid for a particular service n 料金
feed To give food, e.g. to animals or a baby verb 食べ物を与える
feel To be aware of or experience an emotion or sensation verb 感じる
fellow belonging to the same group adj 仲間
female person of the sex that gives birth to babies adj 女性
fence wood/metal structure enclosing an area/land n フェンス,囲い
festival cultural event with a program of events n 祭り
few not many; small in number adj 少ない;ほとんどない

fi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
fiction book or story including ideas , people and events that are not real n 架空;フィクション
field open area of land, especially without buildings n 野原
fifteen 15 num 15
fifty 50 num 50
fight act of trying to hurt someone by hitting them n けんか;戦い
figure to understand after thinking; work out verb ~と考える
file To submit documents to an authority, e.g. city hall verb 提出する
fill To make something full verb いっぱいにする;満たす
film movie n 映画
filter device that removes unwanted substances from a liquid or gas n ろ過器;フィルター,ろ過する;フィルターにかける
final Being the last thing in a series adj 最後の
finally After a long time or some difficulty adv 最後に;やっと
finance control of money a person/business has access to n 財政;金融,資金
financial Involving money adj 財政の;金融の
find To discover something by looking for it verb 発見する
fine Good, acceptable or satisfactory adj 十分な
finger One of the five long parts of the hand n
finish the end of something; completion n 終わり
fire heat and the flame produced when burning n 火;火事
firm Fairly hard or solid, not soft adj 堅い;安定した
firmly in a hard, steady, unchanging way adv 堅く;しっかりと
first Coming before all others in time or place adj 一番最初の
firstly Before anything else adv まず第一に
fish animal that swims and lives in the sea n
fit Proper or acceptable; morally or socially correct adj 適している
five 5 num 5
fix To make something whole or able to work again verb 直す

fl

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
flag piece of cloth, frequently marked with a colorful symbol or sign n
flash sudden bright light n 閃光,ぴかっと光る
flat level; even; without curves or bumps adj 平らな
flexible Capable of being easily bent changed without breaking adj 柔軟な
flight the act of flying n 飛行
float To rest on top of a surface of water or another liquid verb 浮く
flood large amount of water covering land that is usually dry n 洪水
floor part of a room on which you stand n
flow To move steadily and easily in a certain direction verb 流れる
flower plant with a pretty head, e.g. a rose n
fly To travel through the air using wings verb 羽ばたいて飛ぶ

fo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
focus main purpose or center of interest or activity n 焦点
fold To bend one part of something against another part e.g. paper verb 折りたたむ
folk of ordinary people; not sophisticated adj 人の、民族の
follow to come after someone; be guided by someone verb 後について行く;従う
food What people and animals eat to live n 食物
fool To trick someone; to deceive verb だます
foot lowest part of the leg we use to stand on n
football sport where 2 teams try to kick a ball in a goal; soccer n サッカー
for Used to show the purpose, or need of something prep ~のために;~に向かって;~にとって;~に関して;~に賛成して;~の代わりに;~だから
force To use physical strength or violence to persuade verb 強制する
forecast prediction of some future thing, e.g. the weather n 予報
foreign Being of a different place or country adj 外国の
forest large area with many trees n 森林
forever For a very long or seemingly endless time adv 永遠に
forget To not remember something verb 忘れる
form visible shape or style; type; kind n
formal behaving well/politely; wearing your best clothes adj 正装の
format form, design, or arrangement of something n 体裁;形式
formation process of creating, or making into a particular shape n 形成
former being something previously, but not now det 前の,前者
formula plan, rule or method for doing or making something n 方法
forth Outward forward adv 前へ;外へ
fortunate Having good luck adj 幸運な
fortune Chance or luck, particularly good luck n 運;運勢
forty 40 num 40
forward Toward what is ahead or in front adv 前方の
found To discover something by looking for it verb 発見する
foundation underground base on which building is constructed n 土台
four 4 num 4
fourteen 14 num 14

fr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
fragment part that is broken off of something n 破片
frame Border of wood, metal, etc. in which a picture, door, pane of glass, etc. is enclosed or set n 枠組み;骨組み,組み立てる
framework basic structure of something n 構成;構想
free Costing no money adj 無料の
freedom state of being free, not being controlled n 自由
freeze To harden to a solid below zero degrees verb 凍る
frequency How often something happens n 頻度
frequent Happening often adj 頻繁な
frequently Often; regularly adv 頻繁に
fresh Newly made or gathered adj 新しい
friday firth day of the week; the day after Thursday n 金曜日
friend person who you like and enjoy being with n 友だち
friendly Acting like a friend; kind and helpful adv 友好的な
friendship feeling of liking someone; good relationship n 友情
frighten To make someone afraid or nervous verb 怖がらせる
from Starting at a particular place, time or level prep ~から;~出身の
front Opposite of back; the forward part of an object adj 前面
fruit food that grows on a tree or bush n 果物

fu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
fuel material used to produce heat or power when burned n 燃料
fulfill To do something that was promised or required verb 満たす;果たす
full Containing or holding as much as possible adj いっぱいの;満ちた
fully Completely or entirely adv 完全に;十分に
fun amusing and enjoyable adj 楽しい
function what something is intended to be used for; purpose n 機能
functional useful; not just for decoration adj 機能的な
fund To supply money for something n 資金を出す
fundamental Forming a necessary part, base, or core adj 基本的な
funny Causing laughter; amusing adj おかしい;妙な
furniture items such as tables, chairs, beds or closets n 家具
further extra; in addition adj さらに先へ;さらにまた
furthermore In addition to what has been said adv さらに
future Time that is to come after the present n 未来

g

ga

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
gain To get something wanted, needed or valued verb 得る
gallery place to look at various types of art n 画廊
game Activity with rules that people play to have fun n ゲーム
gap distance between two objects n すきま;相違
garden yard; ground outside your house to grow plants n
gas the elements in our air, like oxygen or nitrogen n ガス;気体
gate place in a fence which can be opened or closed n ゲート;門
gather To bring people/animals together into a group verb 集会を開く
gay person attracted to someone of the same sex n 同性愛者
gaze direction you are looking n 凝視

ge

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
gear the transmission configuration in a vehicle n 車のギア
gender state of being male or female n 性別
gene part of cell in a that controls the development and appearance of a living thing n 遺伝子
general Widespread, normal or usual adj 一般的な;全般的な
generally Usually; as a rule; by, to or for most people adv 一般に
generate To create or be produced or bring into existence verb 生み出す
generation People born and living at about the same time n 世代
genetic Concerning GENES or the scientific study of how a living thing's appearance, growth, and development are determined and transferred between generations adj 遺伝の
gentle kind and quiet in nature; not harsh or violent adj 優しい;穏やかな
gentleman man who has good manners and is considerate n 紳士
gently In a mild, careful, and soft manner adv 優しく;穏やかに
genuine Being real, actual, and not false or artificial adj 本物の
gesture bodily movement that expresses a particular meaning, idea, or emotion n 身振り;ジェスチャー
get To obtain, receive or be given something verb 得る;受ける

gi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
giant Extremely big, or much bigger than other things adj 巨大な
gift Something given to another for a reason; present n 贈り物;才能
girl A female child; a young woman n 女の子
give To hand over or present something to someone verb 手渡す
glad happy that something happened; pleased adj うれしい
glance quick or temporary look n ちらりと見ること
glass hard transparent material used for making windows n ガラス
global Concerning, affecting, or involving the entire world adj 世界的な

go

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
go To move or travel to another place verb 行く
goal Something you try to do or achieve; an aim n 目的;目標
god religion supernatural being with special powers n
gold soft yellow metal that is very valuable n
golden Made of gold adj 黄金の
golf game played to hit a ball into a hole with a stick n ゴルフ
good excellent; high quality adj 良い
govern To officially control and lead, conduct the policy, make decisions verb 統治する;影響を与える
government group of people and system which rule a nation n 政府
governor person who leads a state or province n 知事

gr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
grab To quickly reach out and take something in your hand. verb つかみ取る
grade level of study that is completed by a student n 学年
gradually Occurring in a slow manner over a period of time adv 徐々に
graduate Concerning university courses taken after receiving a four-year degree adj 卒業する,卒業生,大学院の
grain seeds of plants used for food n 粒;穀物
grammar rules explaining how words are used in a language n 文法
grand Including many things ; very large adj 壮大な
grant To give or let someone do what they want verb (願い・要求などを)聞き入れる;付与する
grass Plants with narrow green leaves, grown on lawns n
grateful Feeling or showing thanks; thankful adj 感謝している
gray Color between black and white (also spelled grey) adj 灰色の
great Very good; fantastic; wonderful adj すばらしい
greatly an extraordinary extent or degree adv 非常に
green the color of young leaves n 緑色
greet To meet someone with friendly words and actions ; to welcome verb 挨拶する;出迎える
grin To show the teeth because you are amused ; smile verb ニヤリと笑う
ground solid surface of the earth that we stand on verb 地面;土
group number of people or things gathered together n グループ;集団
grow To develop and become bigger or taller over time verb 成長する
growth act of growing n 成長;増殖;腫瘍

gu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
guarantee To make a formal promise that something will happen or be done. verb 保証,保証する
guard to keep watch over something to protect it e.g. a bank verb 守る;見張る,警備
guess to give an answer without knowing if it is correct verb 推測する
guest person invited to visit or stay in someone's home n 客;ゲスト
guide To lead people visiting a new or unknown place verb 案内する;指導する,案内者;指導者
guideline rule, instruction or principle n 指針
guilty Responsible for a wrongdoing or an offense adj 有罪の
guitar stringed musical instrument played with the fingers n ギター
gun weapon in which bullets are fired down a metal tube n
guy informal man; boy; any person n 男;やつ

h

ha

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
habit usual way of behaving ; something often repeated n 習慣
hair long thin strands on your head or body n 髪;毛
half the part you get when one is divided into two; ½ n 半分
hall area inside the entrance of a house n ホール;会場
hand body part at the end of a person's arm n
handle To have the ability to cope with or take responsibility for verb 扱う
hang To attach a picture, photograph etc onto a wall verb かける;吊るす
happen To take place or occur verb 起こる;たまたま~する
happiness state of feeling pleased; feeling of satisfaction n 幸福;喜び;適切さ
happy Feeling pleasure or joy; glad adj 幸せ;嬉しい
harbor area of water protected by land and used by ships n
hard difficult to bend, break or cut; solid adj かたい
hardly Clearly or undoubtedly not; very little adv ほとんど~ない
harm To injure, damage, or cause problems due to something you do verb 損害,害する
hat item of clothing worn on your head n 帽子
hate to have a very strong feeling of dislike for verb 憎む;ひどく嫌う
have To own, possess, or hold something aux 持っている

he

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
he Object form of a male person you are talking about pron
head top part of your body with eyes and a mouth n
health (person, company) being in a good condition; being well n 健康
healthy in good condition physically (or financially); not ill or bad adj 健康な
hear To be aware of sound; to perceive with the ear verb 聞く;聞こえる
heart the part of the body that pumps blood n 心臓
heat To make hot or hotter verb 熱,熱くする;興奮する
heavily a lot or to a great degree adv 重く
heavy Having a lot of weight adj 重い
height distance of something from the bottom to the top n 高さ
hell Any place of pain and suffering n 地獄
hello What you say when you meet someone itj こんにちは
help To act to enable a person to do something; assist verb 助ける
helpful Doing things that help someone adj 役立つ
hence From now, later than the present time adv それ故
her (Subject form of a female you are talking about) pron 彼女の;彼女を
here In this place; at this location, position or time adv ここに
hero person of great courage and strength who saves others n 英雄
herself female person that did the original action pron 彼女自身
hesitate To stop before doing something because you are unsure what to do verb ためらう

hi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
hi What you say when you meet someone itj やあ;こんにちは
hide to put a thing where it can't be found; go where you won't be found verb 隠す
high Rising upward a great distance adj 高い
highlight best or most interesting part of something n 見所;ハイライト,強調する
highly more than usual; to a great degree adv 非常に
hill High land not as high as a mountain n
him Subject form of a male person you are talking about pron 彼を
himself the same (male) person who did the action pron 彼自身
hint To indicate what you think, feel, know without saying it directly verb ほのめかす,ヒント
hire To employ a person to do a particular job or borrow something verb 雇う
his Something belonging to a male person pron 彼の;彼のもの
historian Someone who studies or writes about the course of history n 歴史家
historic Belonging to the past; of what is important or famous in the past adj 歴史的な
historical Connected with the past adj 歴史的な
history study of past event n 歴史
hit To fight, attack or damage something or someone verb 打つ;たたく

ho

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
hold To use hands or arms to carry or keep something verb 持つ;抱く
holder person who owns or has received something n 所有者
hole opening into or through something n
holiday day when people don't go to work or school n 休日;祝日
home place where a person or a family lives n 家庭;自宅
honest Good, truthful, sincere, or faithful; trustworthy adj 正直
honor Respect given to someone who is admired n 名誉
hook curved or bent tool n フック,フックで吊るす
hope when you wish something would happen; what you wish n 希望
hopefully in a manner wishing something to happen adv 願わくは;うまくいけば
horrible Very unpleasant adj 恐ろしい
horse large animal with 4 legs used for riding n
hospital building for sick people, with doctors and nurses n 病院
host person who is entertains guests n 主人,開催する
hot Having a high temperature adj 熱い;暑い
hotel place where people can stay when travelling n ホテル
hour 60 minutes n 時間
house building in which a family, person lives n
household Concerning a house n 家庭 ; 世帯
how (used to explain the way to do something) adv どのように
however (used to introduce a counter statement to what has been said) conj しかしながら;どんなに~でも;一体どうやって

hu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
huge Very very large adj 巨大な
human a person; a man, woman or child n 人間
humor quality that makes something funny n ユーモア
hundred 100 num 100
hunger need for food; a severe lack of food n 飢え
hunt To search for wild animals to kill (for food) verb 狩る,狩り
hurry To move/act quickly to get somewhere/do something verb 急ぐ,急ぐこと
hurt To cause pain, damage or injury verb 痛む;傷つける
husband married man n

hy

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
hypothesis idea that leads to further study or discussion n pl. 仮説

i

ic

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ice frozen gas or liquid, esp. water n

id

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
idea belief, thought, suggestion, opinion or plan n 考え;アイデア
Ideal which is thought of as being perfect adj 理想
identify To indicate who or what someone or something is verb 確認する;同一視する
identity collection of qualities that makes a person n アイデンティティ;独自性;身元

if

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
if Introducing a condition for something to happen conj もし~なら;~かどうか

ig

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ignore To not listen to, look at, or pay attention to verb 無視する

il

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ill Not well or sick adj 病気で,悪く
illegal Not allowed by the laws or rules adj 違法の
illness unhealthy condition of the mind or body n 病気
illustrate To explain with examples to make easier to understand verb 説明する
illustration picture that helps explain something n 挿絵;図解

im

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
image picture, sculpture or painting of something n イメージ;画像
imagination ability to think of new ideas; creation of mental images n 想像力 
imagine to think creatively about; form mental picture of verb 想像する
immediate done without delay; straight away adj 即時の;直近の
immediately without any delay; straight away; right (after or before) adv すぐに
immigrant person moving to another country to live there n 移民
implement tool n 実行する
implementation act of implementing (providing a practical means for accomplishing something); carrying into effect n 履行;実施
implication possible effects or results from an action or event n 含意
imply to suggest something, without saying it directly verb 暗に意味する
import To bring Items or GOODS from one country into another verb 輸入する,輸入
importance being important; having a big effect on n 重要性
important having a big effect on (person, the future) adj 重要な
impose To make someone to do or endure something verb 課す;強いる
impossible very unlikely to happen or exist adj 不可能な
impress To make an emotional or cognitive impact upon verb よい印象を与える
impression effect or feeling resulting from an experience n 印象
impressive Causing admiration or respect; big, grand, expensive etc adj 印象的な
improve To make, or become, something better verb 改善する
improvement addition or change that makes something better n 改善

in

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
in Being inside something adj 〜の中の
incentive Something that encourages a person to work hard n 刺激;動因
inch 1/12 of a foot (2.54 centimeters) n インチ
incident event, usually unusual or important n 事件
include to make someone/something part of a group verb 含む
income Earned money from work, investments or business n 収入
incorporate To include or involve as part of something else verb 合併する;組み込む;法人組織化する
increase to make or become something larger in size or amount verb 増える;増加させる
increasingly more and more; in greater degree or amount adv ますます
indeed actually; in fact; in reality adv 確かに
independence having the freedom to make your own decisions n 独立
independent making your own decisions; not controlled by others adj 独立した
index written or printed (usually alphabetical) list n 索引;目録;指針
indicate To show something, direct attention to or point out verb 指し示す
indication Something that signals that something else exists or will happen n 表示;兆候
individual single person, looked at separately from others n 個人,個人の
industrial Concerning industry or people involved in industry adj 産業の
industry Factories or businesses that make certain products n 産業
infant child in the beginning stage of life; a baby n 幼児
infection act or state of becoming INFECTED with a disease n 感染症
inflation continual rise in the prices of products n インフレーション ;膨張
influence to affect what happens; change something (indirectly) verb 影響を与える,影響
inform To give information or facts about something verb 知らせる
information collection of facts and details about something n 情報
initial Existing or occurring at the beginning adj 最初の,頭文字
initially At first; originally adv 初めは
initiative ability to decide or act upon things yourself without depending on someone else n 構想;戦略
injure Do physical harm or damage verb 傷つける
injury Physical or emotional harm or damage that a person experiences n 傷害
inner Concerning the inside part of something adj 内側の
innocent Free from evil or guilt adj 無邪気な;無罪の
innovation new invention or idea that is created n 革新
input To put in information, advice or opinions verb 入力;インプット
inquiry request for information n 問い合わせ;質問;調査
inside being in something adj 内部;内側;内情,内側の,内側に
insight very good understanding of something a clear idea about how something works n 洞察
insist To strongly state your opinion without changing it verb 主張する
inspire To make someone have the desire to do something verb 刺激を与える;触発する
install To set up a piece of EQUIPMENT so that it is ready to use verb 導入する;設置する;インストールする
instance an example of something; case n 例;実例
instead When one thing is replaced by another adv その代わりに
institution organization created for a particular cause or purpose n 機関; 施設
institutional Being related or similar to an institution adj 制度の
instruction information about how to do or use something n 指示;教育
instrument device that is used for creating music n 楽器
insurance Payments to cover potential loss/damage/injury/death n 保険
insure to buy protection against possible loss/damage/injury verb 保険をかける;確実にする
integrate to combine together; make into one thing verb 統合する
intellectual person who uses the mind intelligently n 知的な
intelligence ability to learn things or to consider situations n 知能
intend To plan or want to do something verb ~するつもりである
intense Very strong, great or extreme in degree adj 激しい
intention aim or purpose n 意図
interaction process of two or more people or things affecting each other; the process of INTERACTING n 相互作用;交流
interest to make someone want to know about something verb 興味を持たせる
interior Being the inside part of something; being inside something adj 内部;室内;インテリア
internal Within or inside adj 内部の
international done or relating to several countries, not just your own adj 国際的な
interpret to translate what is said into another language verb 通訳する
interpretation explanation of the meaning of something n 解釈
intervention act of coming between two or more parties in a situation or disagreement to try to change the result n 介入;仲裁
interview To formally ask questions about a given topic verb 面接;インタビュー
into Going inside something prep ~の中へ
introduce to make someone known to another by name verb 紹介する
introduction making someone known to another by name n 紹介
invent To create something useful for the first time verb 発明する
invest To use resources to build for the future verb 投資する
investigate To try to find out facts; to carry out research verb 調査する
investigation search for information about something n 調査
investment something purchased hoping its value will increase n 投資
investor person who spends money to help business grow n 投資家
invitation when someone asks another to attend an event, etc n 招待
invite To ask someone to go somewhere or do something verb 招待する;勧める
involve To have or be included as a part of something verb 含む;関わる;巻き込む
involvement act or process of joining in a particular activity n 関与

ir

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
iron hot heavy metal object used to smoothen clothes n アイロン,アイロンをかける

is

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
island area of land that is surrounded by water n
isolate To keep in a place or situation apart from others verb 隔離する;孤立させる
issue important topic discussed, debated or argued over n 問題;論争点

it

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
it A thing that has been previously mentioned pron (先行するものを指して)それ
item distinct, individual thing, often part of a group n 事項;項目
its of something; belonging or related to something adj それの
itself Referring to it pron それ自体

j

ja

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
jacket light, thin coat worn on the upper body over another shirt or piece of clothing for protection or warmth n ジャケット;カバー
jail place to hold criminals being punished for a crime n 刑務所
january 1st month of the year n 1月

jo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
job regular work of earning money n 仕事
join To bring something close to another, to become one verb 加わる;つなぎ合わせる
joint point at which two things meet (e.g. a road) n 継ぎ目
joke To say or do things that are meant to be funny verb 冗談,冗談を言う
journal book in which brief daily accounts of events are written n 新聞;雑誌;定期刊行物
journalist person who writes news reports for newspapers, magazines, television, or radio n ジャーナリスト
journey act of traveling from one place to another ; trip n
joy feeling of great happiness and pleasure n 喜び

ju

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
judge To form an opinion after careful consideration verb 審理する;審査する;判断する
judgment opinion that is made after careful consideration n 判断;判決
july 7th month of the year n 7月
jump To push your body into the air with your legs verb 跳ぶ;跳ね上がる
june 6th month of the year n 6月
jury group of 12 citizens who listen to information about the problem or crime, receive instructions from the judge, and decide the guilt or innocence of the person on trial n 陪審;審査員
just just when, just as exactly at the time of adv 正確に
justice quality of being fair, equal, or just n 公正
justify To give reasons why you did something or why it is right verb 正当化する

k

ke

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
keen Being eager or excited for something to happen adj 鋭い
keep To have and continue to hold something verb 保つ
key Something you use to open a lock or start a car n かぎ,重要な

ki

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
kick hit using the foot n 蹴る
kid informal child or young person n 子ども,冗談を言う
kill To end the life of a person or other living thing verb 殺す
kind One type of thing n 種類
king royal male ruler of a country (inherited from family) n
kiss To put your lips against another’s to show love verb キスをする,キス
kitchen place where food is cooked n 台所

kn

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
knee Middle part of your leg that bends n
knife long piece of metal you use for cutting things n ナイフ;刀
knock To hit something to get people's attention verb ノックする
know to have knowledge of things in your mind verb 知っている
knowledge Information, understanding, or skill n 知識

l

la

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
label a piece of paper or material to identify something n ラベル,ラベルをつける;名前をつける
labor To work hard (often physically) for many hours verb 労働,働く;詳細に論じる
laboratory workplace for the conduct of scientific research n 研究室
lack to not have, or not have enough, of something verb 不足,欠いている
lady another way of saying ‘woman’ n 女性;婦人
lake large area of water surrounded by land n
land the earth; the ground n 陸;土地
landscape natural scenery of a place n 風景
language words or signs used to communicate messages n 言語
large Big; of great size; broad, tall, wide, long, or fat adj 大きい;広い
largely In large part; mainly or chiefly adv 主として;大部分は
last the one before n 最後の
late Happening near the end of a given time adj 遅い
latter the second or last mentioned thing det 後の,後者
laugh To make a happy sound when something is funny verb 笑う,笑い
laughter action or sound of laughing n 笑い
launch to put a rocket into the air; put a ship into the water verb 始める;発射する
law system or rules made by the government n 法律;法則
lawyer professional who helps people with the law n 弁護士
lay To put or set something down in a flat position verb 置く;横たえる
layer one of several sheets of a material or object n
lazy not liking to work or make an effort; idle adj 怠惰な

le

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
lead to show the way or guide others verb 導く
leader person who is in charge of a group or task n リーダー
leadership quality of being able to guide or influence others n リーダーシップ
league association of sports teams that organizes matches for its members n 同盟;リーグ 
lean To balance against or on something for support verb 傾く;もたれる
leap To move forwards often in big steps verb 飛び跳ねる,跳躍
learn to get knowledge or skills by study or experience verb 学ぶ
least In the smallest or lowest way adv 最も小さい;最も少ない,最も小さい;最も少ない
leather chemically tanned animal skin, e.g. for shoes n 革;革製品
leave to go away from; depart verb 去る
lecture talk or speech about a particular subject n 講演する,講演
left side of your body your heart is on n
leg Part of the body from the thigh down n
legal Concerning the law; allowed by law adj 合法的な;法的な
legislation act or process of writing and passing laws n 法律制定
lend to give to someone for a while before it is returned verb 貸す
length measurement of distance or of time n 長さ
less smaller in amount or degree adj より少ない,~差し引いて
lesson something done to learn or teach something; class n 授業;課
let to not stop someone from doing something verb ~させる;許可する
letter message you put in an envelope and send by post n 手紙
level To make things flat or even verb 同等の,平等にする

li

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
liability something that is owed to someone else, e.g. a debt n 責任;負債
liberal Believing government should actively support social needs adj 自由主義
library place where books and other media are kept n 図書館
license official certificate which grants a person permission to do or have something n 免許
lie To say something that you know is not true verb 嘘,嘘をつく
life All the living things e.g. animals, plants, humans n 生命;人生;生活
lift To move something to higher position verb 持ち上げる
light Not heavy; weighing only a little adj 軽い
like To find something pleasing; to prefer something verb 好む
likely referring to the chance that something will actually happen adj ありそうな;~しそうである;適した
limit point beyond which it is not possible to go n 限度;境界,制限する
limitation act of controlling or reducing the size of something n 制限;限界
line mark that is long, straight and very thin n 線,並ぶ;線を引く;覆い隠す
link To join or connect together verb つなぐ;連結する,輪
lip top and bottom part of the outside of person's mouth n
liquid basic state of things that is similar to water; not solid or gas n 液体
list series of written names, words or numbers n 表;リスト
listen To use your ears to hear and understand things verb 聞く
listener Someone who listens n 聞き手
literally In a way that expresses the exact or LITERAL meaning of something adv 文字通り
literary Concerning or concerned with literature adj 文学の
literature Writings that are valued as works of art, esp. fiction, drama and poetry n 文学;文献
little not great in size, amount, or degree; small adj 小さい
live To be alive verb 生きる

lo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
load large, often heavy, amount of something to be moved n 重荷;負荷,積み込む
loan To borrow money that must be paid back verb 貸す,貸付
local Relating or restricted to a particular area, city, or town adj 地元の;局部の,地元の人;局部
locate To find a certain place, location, or destination verb 捜し出す;置く;位置する
location particular position or area n 場所
lock To use a key/code so others can’t open something verb 錠やロック、鍵をかける
log piece of a tree that has fallen or been cut n 丸太
logic proper, valid sensible reasoning n 論理
long large distance from one end to the other adj 長い
look at to use your eyes to focus on something vphr 見る,見ること
loose Not tightly attached or held adj ゆるい;自由な
lose to be unable to find something you once had verb 失う
loss experience or state of failing to have or keep n 失うこと;損害
lot a lot (of) many or much of n たくさん
loud Making a lot of noise adj 音が大きい;うるさい;派手な
love To care for and like someone very strong and deeply verb 愛する,愛
lovely Attractive or beautiful adj 素敵な;愛らしい
lover person who loves someone or is loved by someone n 恋人;愛好家
low not high; being near the ground, or bottom adj 低い

lu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
luck accidental way things happen, often good things n
lucky fortunate; having good things happen by chance adj 運のよい
lunch light meal eaten in the middle of the day n 昼食
luxury Something expensive or costly that is not needed which is bought for pleasure n 豪華さ;贅沢品

m

ma

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
machine piece of equipment used to do work n 機械
mad Very angry adj 怒った
magazine weekly or monthly publication with pictures and stories n 雑誌
magic Any art that invokes supernatural powers n 手品;魔法
mail a letter, package or email n 郵便;メール
main Most important; most often used adj 主要な
mainly mostly; usually; being the largest part adv 主に
maintain To keep, exist or continue without changing verb 維持する;持続する
maintenance keeping (a machine) working by checking and fixing it n 維持;整備
major Important, serious, or large in scope adj 主要な;重要な
majority amount that is more than half of a group n 大多数
make to create something by putting things together verb 作る
maker person, company, or object that creates things n 作る人;メーカー
male Characteristic of boys or men adj 男性
man An adult male human being n
manage To run or operate a business by directing others verb 経営する;管理する
management people who are in control of a business or group n 管理;経営
manager person who controls and runs a business or group n 経営者;~長;マネージャー
manner That way that something happens or is done n 方法
manufacture to produce large numbers of products in a factory verb 製造,製造する
manufacturer group or company that makes a certain product n 製造業者;メーカー
many Used to refer a large number of things det 多くの,多数
map picture showing the geography of an area n 地図
margin edge or border of a page on above, below n 余白;縁;限界;利益
mark To make or leave a visible sign on something; a writing symbol verb 印;記号;評価,印を付ける;成績を付ける
market public event where people sell goods on tables n 市場;マーケット
marriage formal relationship between a husband and a wife n 結婚
marry To become the husband or wife of someone verb 結婚する
mass Having to do with a large amount of people n 質量
massive Very big large too big adj 巨大な;大量の
master being very skilled at doing something adj 上達な,熟練な
match a sports competition between two people or teams n 試合
mate Someone who you work, live, or go to school with n 仲間
material substance from which a thing is made of n 材料,物質
mathematics study or science of numbers and shapes n pl. 数学
matter problem or reason for concern n 事柄;問題;原因
mature Being an adult, being fully developed physically adj 成熟した
maximum largest or greatest n 最大
may expresses permission, possibility or probability aux 〜してもよい;~かもしれない;~であろう
maybe Possibly but not certainly; perhaps adv もしかすると;たぶん
mayor head of city government n 市長

me

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
me Object form of the person now speaking or writing pron 私を
meal food for eating at a particular time, e.g. dinner n 食事
Mean To have a particular meaning or value verb 意味する;価値のある
meanwhile At or during the same time ; in the meantime adv その間に;一方では
measure To calculate size, weight or temperature of verb 測る;寸法をとる
measurement size or amount of something or someone n 測定
meat flesh of a dead animal that you eat n 肉;
mechanism piece of machinery n 機構;メカニズム
medical of or relating to physical health or medicine adj 医療の
medicine a substance used in treating illness or pain n
medium middle size, something between other things n 中間;媒体;手段;マスコミ機関
meet To come together at a certain time or place verb 会合する
member person or thing belonging to a group or team n 一員;メンバー
membership being a member of a group; joining a group n 会員;メンバーシップ
memory Something that has been remembered n 記憶
mental Concerning the mind adj 精神の
mention To refer to or talk or write about something verb 述べる;話に出す,言及する
menu list of dishes available at a restaurant n メニュー
mere Just enough adj 単なる
merely Only, simply, or nothing more than adv 単に
mess state of confusion and disorderliness n 混乱,散らかす;混乱させる
message piece of information that is told/given to someone n メッセージ;伝言
metal Usually hard shiny material mined from rock n 金属
meter unit of length equal to 100cm or about 39 inches n メートル
method (organized and planned) way of doing something n 方法

mi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
middle place that is halfway between two things n 中心;中間,真ん中の;中央の
might used to express that something could happen aux ~かもしれない;~してもよい
mile unit of distance; 1.6 kilometers n マイル
military Concerning soldiers or the armed forces n 軍隊,軍の
milk white liquid produced by females to feed babies n
million 1,000,000 num 百万
mind part of humans that allows us to think or feel n 心;精神
mine That thing that belongs to me pron 私のもの
minimum lowest number or amount that is possible n 最小限
minister an official who heads a government department n 大臣
minor Not so large in size, not important or valuable adj 小さい;少ない;重要でない
minority part that is less than half of the whole; a small part n 少数派
minute unit of time equal to 60 seconds n 分;
mirror thing with a glass surface used to look at yourself n
miss to be too late to ride on something e.g. train or bus verb 逃す;~し損なう
mission a special assignment that is given to a person or group n 任務
mistake something done wrong, calculated wrong, etc; error n 間違い
mix To combine two or more things to make one verb 混ぜる
mixture Something made by combining two or more things n 混合

mo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
mobile Capable of moving from one place to another adj 携帯電話
mode way of acting or doing something n 状態;方法
model To make a small scale copy of a full original adj 模型を作る,模範となる
moderate Average in size or amount adj 適度の
modern of the present time; up to date; contemporary adj 現代の
modify To make minor change to something verb 変更する
module part or unit with a specific job n モジュール
moment very short or brief period of time n 瞬間
monday second day of the week; the day after Sunday n 月曜日
money Coins or notes we use to pay for things n お金;金銭;財産
monitor electronic screen on which you can see images n モニター
month one of 12 28-31 day periods in the year n
monthly Occurring about once every 4 weeks adv 毎月に
mood emotion or a state of mind; how you feel n 気分;ムード
moon round object circling the Earth at night n
moral in a way considered proper and good by most people adj 道徳;モラル
more Greater in amount, number, or size adj より多くの, もっと
moreover In addition to what has been said adv さらに
morning early part of the day before 12 pm n 朝;午前
mortgage long-term loan from a bank for buying property n 抵当;住宅ローン
most nearly all of something pron 最も多くの;たいていの,最も
mostly In large part; mainly or chiefly adv 主に;ほとんど
motion a movement; the process of moving n 動き
motivate to make someone enthusiastic about doing something verb やる気にさせる
motivation mental drive in a person that makes him or her do something n 動機;モチベーション
motor concerning cars and vehicles adj 自動車の,動力を起こす
mount To attach to a support verb 登る;乗る;取り付ける
mountain very high piece of land, higher than a hill n
mouse small animal that has fur and a long tail n ネズミ
mouth part of the face used for eating and talking n 口,言う
move to cause something to change to a different place verb 動かす;移動する
movement part of a piece of music n 楽章
movie motion picture; film n 映画

mu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
much a lot; large amount; a high degree of pron たくさんの,非常に;だいたい
multiple Having or involving more than one of something adj 複数の
murder crime of deliberately killing a person n 殺人,殺す
muscle One of the contractile soft organs of the body n 筋肉
museum building to display art, science, or history objects n 博物館
music sounds that are sung or played to give pleasure n 音楽
musical play or movie set to music n ミュージカル
musician person who writes, sings, or plays music, as a job n 楽家;ミュージシャン
must (used to say that something is required or necessary) aux 〜しなければならない;〜に違いない
mutual Shared between two or more people adj 互いの; 交互の

my

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
my Of mine; belonging to me det 私の
myself the same person as did the action mentioned pron 私自身
mystery book, play, or film that deals with a solution of a strange crime n 謎;ミステリー

n

na

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
name What something or someone is called n 名前;評判;有名人,名前をつける
narrative the telling of a story n 物語
narrow Not wide ; short from one side to the other adj 狭い
nation area or region controlled by a government and army n 国家
national Concerning a nation as a whole adj 国立;国の
native person speaking a language from birth n ネイティブ;母語話者
natural Not made by humans; without human intervention adj 自然の
naturally Without the aid of someone or something adv 自然に
nature physical world, including plants, animals, rocks n 自然

ne

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
near With a small distance between things adj 近い,近くに
nearby Close to where you are adj 近くの,近くに
nearly not completely; almost adv ほとんど
necessarily In a way that is needed or required, or is unavoidable adv 必ずしも
necessary Needed or required; unavoidable adj 必要な
neck part of the body joining the head and the body n
need to be unable to manage without something; require verb 必要がある
negative Being harmful, unwanted or unhelpful adj 否定の;後ろ向きの,否定;拒否
neglect To fail to take care of something verb 無視する;怠る
negotiate To have a formal discussion to reach an agreement verb 交渉する
negotiation a formal discussion to reach an agreement n 交渉
neighbor person who lives, or is near, you n 隣人;近所の人
neighborhood area of a town or city that people live in n 近所
neither Not one or the other not either none of two things adj どちらも~ない
nerve fibers in the body that enable feeling and movement n 神経
nervous Having a tendency to become uneasy or anxious adj 神経質な;緊張して
net crossed rope/fibers with partly open pattern n 網;ネット
network system of connections n ネットワーク;網
never Not ever; not at any time adv 決して〜ない;〜したことがない;
nevertheless in spite of what has just been said; nonetheless adv それにもかかわらず
new Not old, recently born, built or made adj 新しい
newly Very recently; just done or made adv 新しく
news information about recent events n pl. 知らせ
newspaper Sheets of paper (or online) containing news stories n 新聞
next immediately after the previous one adj 次の

ni

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
nice Good or enjoyable adj よい;すてきな;親切な;立派な;微細な
night time when sun does not shine n
nine 9 num 9
nineteen 19 num 19
ninety 90 num 90

no

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
no being none; not having or being adj いいえ,少しの~もない;決して~ない
nobody no person; no one; not any person pron 誰も~ない
noise Loud sounds that cause discomfort or annoyance n 音;騒音; 雑音
none Not any of a group pron 何も~ない;誰も~ない
nor Used to show two things that are both untrue or do not happen conj ~もまた~でない
normal standard or regular way of doing something adj 標準の;正常な
normally In the manner that is usual or ordinary adv 普通は;正常に
north direction to your left when facing the rising sun n
northern in or toward the north adj 北の
nose part of the face used for breathing and smelling n
not (word indicating the negative of verbs, adjectives, etc) adv ~ではない
note To make mention of something; to make a remark verb 注意する;気づく
nothing Not anything, not a single thing pron 何も~ない
notice To become aware by sight, touch, or hearing verb 気づく
notion idea or opinion about doing something n 概念
noun the subject or object of a sentence n 名詞
novel written fiction story n 小説
november 11th month of the year n 11月
now At the present time or moment adv 今;すぐに;これから;さて;いまや~だから
nowadays At the present time; now adv 最近は
nowhere Not in or at any place; no place adv どこにも~ない

nu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
nuclear Concerning or involving the center of an ATOM adj 核の;原子力
number symbols such as 1, 2, 56, 793 n 数字;番号
numerous Existing in large numbers adj 多くの
nurse person trained to care for sick or injured people n 看護師

o

ob

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
object to disagree; to protest against an idea or plan verb 反対する
objective something you decide you want to do; goal n 目標
obligation duty that must be performed because of a law, rule, agreement, or promise n 義務
observation remark or comment on something you noticed n 観察;監視
observe to watch carefully; to make a comment verb 観察する
obvious Easily understood and clear; plain to see adj 明らかな
obviously in a way that is obvious/easy to see or understand adv 明らかに

oc

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
occasion time when something happens or takes place n 時;出来事;機会
occasionally not very often; sometimes; seldom adv 時折に
occupy To fill a time, a space, or an area verb 占める
occur To come to pass or to happen verb 発生する
ocean large body of salt water that covers most of the surface of the earth n
october 10th month of the year n 10月

od

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
odd Being unexpected and different; out of the ordinary adj 奇妙な

of

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
of Belonging to or connected with something prep ~の;~から;~について
off not having on; not wearing adj ~から離れて;休みの;停止して
offense criminal act; something that causes hurt n 犯罪;攻撃
offer to give the opportunity to accept something verb 提供する;申し出る
office building of set of rooms used to do business or professional activities n 事務所;オフィス
officer person with an important position in an organization n 役人;将校
official of or done by someone in authority; formal adj 公式な;公的な
often Many times, frequently, on many occasions adv しばしば

oi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
oil thick, black liquid in the ground used as fuel n

ok

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
okay Yes; alright itj よし;わかった,まあまあ,承認する

ol

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
old Having existed for a long time, not young or new adj 古い;年とった;昔の;~歳の

on

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
on Located on surface of something e.g. a table or wall adj ~の上にある
once One time; one instance adv 一度;昔の,いったん~すると
one number 1 num 一つ;人・もの
online connected to the internet adj オンラインの
only just one; just that amount or thing; not more than adv 唯一の;最良の,ただ~だけ;つい~,ただし;~だがしかし
onto Movement towards a certain direction, or into a certain area prep ~の上に;~に向けられて

op

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
open Not closed or shut adj 開放された
opera play with music in which all the words are sung n オペラ 
operate To be working or being used verb 作動する;操作する;作用する;経営する
operation Functioning; use n 作用;操作;事業
operator person whose job it is to connect phone calls n 操作者;(電話の)交換手;経営者
opinion a person's thoughts on a topic n 意見
opponent person that you are competing against in a game or contest n 対戦相手;反対者
opportunity time/situation when a thing might be done; chance n 機会
oppose To fight against someone in a contest, game or fight verb 反対する
opposite Across from or on the side facing something adj 反対側の
opposition act of disagreeing or trying to stop something n 反対
option possibility out of several that can be chosen; choice n 選択

or

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
or Used to link alternatives, to introduce another choice conj あるいは;すなわち;そうでなければ
orange being a color that is a mixture of red and yellow adj オレンジ色
order to ask for something you want to buy, e.g. a meal verb 注文,注文する
ordinary Normal or usual adj 普通の
organic Concerning food made with few or no chemicals adj 有機体の;オーガニック
organization formal group of people with a particular purpose n 組織
organize To arrange and plan things, e.g. a party verb 組織する;まとめる;計画する
origin point at which something begins or is created n 起源
original being first made, thought or performed; fresh adj 最初の;原始的な;独創的な,原物
originally At first; in the beginning adv もともと

ot

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
other (something) else; not the first (one) det もう一方の;別の;他の,もう一方の人・物;別の人・物;その他
otherwise indicates that there will be a bad result if something is done, not done, or done improperly adv さもなければ;別のやり方で,他の

ou

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ought what is expected; should aux ~するべきである;~するはずである
our Belonging to us det 私たちの
ourselves Used by a speaker to show that they and one or more people are affected by their action pron 私たち自身
out In a direction or movement away from the inside or center adv 外に;外に出て;外れて
outcome Something that happens as a result, consequence n 結果
outline To overview or summarize the important points of something verb 概要,概要を述べる
output amount of something that is produced n 生産;出力
outside area around or near something, such as a building n 外側,外側の,外側に

ov

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
over in the direction of; toward prep ~の上に
overall Viewed as a whole; in general, not as details adj 全部の;総合的な,全体として
overcome To succeed in a struggle against; defeat verb 克服する
overseas In or to a foreign country that is across a sea adv 海外;海外の

ow

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
owe To need to pay or repay money verb 借りがある;義務がある;おかげである
own yours, his, hers, etc.; not belonging to another det 自身の;特有の
owner person who owns or has something n 持ち主;オーナー
ownership state of having a legal right to possess something n 所有権

p

pa

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
pace rate of speed at which someone or something moves or happens n ペース;一歩;速度
pack To put things in a suitcase to go on a trip verb 包む;詰める
package box or container items are placed in for mailing n 小包;包装;パッケージ
page One side of a sheet of paper n ページ
pain strong feeling of hurt or discomfort n 痛み
paint to apply something; coat verb ペンキ,ペンキを塗る;描く
pair two of the same thing, e.g. socks n 一組;ペア
pale Light in color adj 青白い;淡い
panel group of people who answer questions or give opinions n パネル;委員会
panic overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety n 恐慌;パニック
paper pages of a book are made from this n 紙,紙で包む;壁紙を貼る
paragraph section of writing that usually deals with one subject n 段落
parallel Very similar and often occurring at the same time adj 平行な,平行線
parent person's/animal's mother or father n
park to put your car or bike in a certain place for a time verb 駐車場,駐車させる
part Some, but not all of a specific thing n 一部;部分
participant person who is actively involved and included in something n 参加者
participate To take part with others in doing something verb 参加する
participation act of being involved in something n 参加
particular one specific (one) adj 特定の;特有の,項目;詳細
particularly specially; more than others adv 特に
partly In part; not completely adv 一部分は;少しは
partner someone you have a business or personal relationship with n パートナー;相棒
partnership working with others for some purpose n 協力関係
party social event often with food, drinks and dancing n パーティー
pass To travel through or near a place verb 通り過ぎる;渡す
passage narrow path or space through which people or objects can go through n 通路;通過
passenger person who is travelling in a vehicle n 乗客
passion powerful, positive feeling about something n 情熱
past time that existed before now, e.g. long ago n 過ぎた;過去の,過ぎて
path track made with stones/by walking over the ground n 小道;通り道
patient not getting annoyed when things take a long time adj 辛抱強い
pattern regular repeated behavior n 模範;原型;模様;傾向;パターン
pause To stop doing for a while before continuing verb 休止,休止する
pay To give money for goods or work done verb 払う;支払い
payment amount of money that is paid for something n 支払い

pe

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
peace time when there is no war or fighting n 平和
peak Being at the highest or best level of something n 頂点に達する
peer person of the same age, class or background as another n 対等者;同級生;貴族
pen Something you write with in ink n ペン
penalty Punishment for committing a crime or offense n
pension regular payments you receive after you retire n 年金
people Human beings in general; plural of person n 人々
per For each; during each prep ~につき; ~ごとに
perceive To notice or become aware of something verb 知覚する;気づく
percent One one-hundredth of a whole n パーセント
percentage part of a whole divided into hundredths n パーセンテージ;割合
perception way in which one sees or understands something n 知覚;認知
perfect so good it/they cannot be improved adj 完全な;完璧な
perfectly In a faultless manner; without mistakes adv 完璧に
perform To carry out an action well or successfully verb 行う;成し遂げる
performance activity done to entertain an audience n 演奏;公演
perhaps Possibly, but not certainly; maybe adv ひょっとすると;おそらく
period set amount of time during which events take place n 期間;時代
permanent Lasting forever ; not temporary or changing adj 永続的な
permission right to do something as allowed by another n 許可
permit To allow something to happen; to give permission verb 許可する
person man, woman or child n
personal done by or to a particular person; individual adj 個人的な
personality person_s unique character; the way that a person usually acts n 個性;性格
personally by a specific person, and not by anyone else adv 個人的に;自ら
personnel group of people who work for a company n 人事部;人員
perspective way of thinking, an attitude toward something n 視点;遠近法
persuade to get you to do/believe something, by giving reasons verb 説得する

ph

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
phase distinct part or step in a process n 段階
phenomenon fact that can observed and studied n 現象
philosophy study of ideas about the fundamental nature of life n 哲学
phone To talk to someone using a telephone verb 電話をかける
photo short for photograph; a picture taken by a camera n 写真
photograph To take a picture with a camera verb 写真を撮る
phrase group of words that forms a unit and expresses a single meaning n 言い回し;語句
physical Concerning the body of a person adj 身体の;肉体の

pi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
piano keyboard instrument used for playing music n ピアノ
pick to decide on a thing from various choices; select verb 選ぶ
picture painting, drawing or photograph on paper or screen n 絵;写真;映像
piece small part that of something larger n 一かけら;破片
pig animal that bacon comes from n ブタ
pile group of things one on top of another n 積み重ねる,積み重ね
pilot Performed to see if a larger or more detailed thing should be done n 飛行士;パイロット,操縦する;導く
pink One of the colors people can see: adj ピンク
pipe tube a round, hollow piece of metal, plastic, or wood n 管;パイプ
pitch black substance that is sticky when it is hot and very hard when it is dry n ボールを投げる,投球

pl

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
place To put something in a certain location or position verb 置く;設置する
plain very simple/ordinary; not decorated; not striped adj 地味な;質素な
plan detailed proposal/set of actions to do something n 計画;段取り
plane an airplane n 飛行機
planet One of the bodies that orbit the sun n 惑星
plant living thing with leaves and roots growing in soil n 植物
plastic stiff but usually come; what flexible man-made material, usually made using a hydrocarbon-based polymer n プラスチック
plate flat dish used for eating or serving food n
platform flat, raised structure that people stand on n プラットフォーム;台
play To do or perform a game or sport verb 競技する
player person who plays sports n 選手;プレーヤー
pleasant Causing a good feeling adj 気持ちのよい
please You say this when you politely ask people for things adv どうぞ;どうか;ぜひ
pleasure feeling of happiness, enjoyment, or satisfaction n 楽しさ;愉快;満足
plenty when there is not too little of something; a lot pron たくさん
plot To plan something in secret, often something bad verb 企み;陰謀,たくらむ
plus Having a value greater than zero prep 正数

po

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
pocket small cloth bag sewn into clothing to hold things n ポケット
poem a written composition in verse, not prose n
poet person who writes poems n 詩人
poetry poetic writing; imaginative verses n
point To indicate something with your finger to others verb 指し示す
police People, often in uniforms, who solve crimes n 警察
policy course of action proposed by an organization, etc n 政策;方針
political Concerning government or public affairs adj 政治の
politician someone who is active in politics n 政治家
politics Activities influencing the policies of a government n pl. 政治
poll process of gathering people's opinions about something by asking a question or series of questions about a particular subject n 投票;世論調査
pollution act or result of releasing dirty or dangerous substances into an environment n 汚染
pool large container or hole that is filled with water and used for people to swim in n プール
poor Without money; not rich adj 貧しい
pop to cause something to open or burst suddenly verb ポンとはじける;現れる;飛び出す
popular liked or enjoyed by many people adj 人気のある
population number of people who live in a country, area etc n 人口
port place along a coast where ships load and unload things or passengers, or be sheltered during a storm n
portion part of a whole n 部分
portrait painting, drawing or photograph of a person's head and shoulders n 肖像
pose to put someone in a position to be photographed verb 姿勢;ポーズ,ポーズをとる
position specific location where someone or something is n 位置
positive Good or useful in qualities, constructive, confident adj 確かな;肯定的な;前向きな
possess to have or own something verb 所有する;取り憑く
possession Having or owning something n 所有物
possibility something with a chance of happening or being true n 可能性
possible Having a chance of happening, or being true adj 可能な;可能性がある
possibly may be true or likely, but is uncertain adv 考えようによっては;~かも知れない
post To send a letter or package using the post office verb 郵送する
pot deep, round container that is used for cooking n 鍋;容器
potato edible tuber vegetable n じゃがいも
potential capable of happening or becoming reality adj 可能性,潜在的
potentially that could happen or become reality adv 潜在的
pound unit of weight equal to 16 ounces or 0.4536 kg n 常用ポンド;16オンス,0.4536kgに相当
pour To make something flow in a steady stream verb 注ぐ
poverty state of being poor n 貧困
power legal or official right to perform certain actions n 権力;支配権
powerful Having control or influence over adj 強力な;効力のある

pr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
practical relating to what is sensible, real or useful adj 実用的な
practice To do something many times to improve a skill verb 練習する
praise To express approval of something or someone verb 称賛,称賛する
pray To wish or hope for something to happen or be true verb 祈る;祈願する
precise Very accurate and exact expression or detail adj 精密な;正確な
precisely In an exact and accurate manner adv 正確に
predict To guess or estimate what will or might happen verb 予測する
prefer To like something better than something else verb 好む
preference Something that is liked or wanted more than another n 好み
pregnancy state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus n 妊娠
pregnant When women carry a child inside them that is not yet born adj 妊娠している
premise building and the area of land that it rests upon n 前提;土地;建物
preparation act of making ready for a purpose or activity n 準備
prepare To make something ready for use verb 準備する
presence condition or state of someone or something being at a certain place n 出席
present gift n プレゼント;贈り物
presentation act of giving a formal talk about something n 発表;プレゼンテーション
preserve To keep or maintain in an unchanged or perfect condition verb 保存する
president person in charge of a country, company or organization n 大統領;社長
presidential Concerning the president adj 大統領・社長の
press To push something against something else verb 押す;押しつける
pressure the force/weight when pressing against a thing n 圧力
presumably Concerning a true or likely nature adv 恐らく
pretend To act as if something is true when it is not verb ふりをする
pretty Being attractive to the eye in a simple way adj かわいい;すてきな
prevent To stop something from happening or existing verb 防ぐ
previous Existing or happening before the present time adj 前の
previously at an earlier time adv 以前に
price To determine or set the cost of something verb 値段をつける
pride When you respect yourself n 誇り
primarily in the most basic or important way adv 主に
primary most important, most basic or essential adj 主要な;第一位の
prime Most important, chief importance in value adj 最も重要な;最上の
principal Being of the most importance adj 主要な
principle natural law that explains how things work n 原理;原則
print To make many copies of a page, magazine or book verb 印刷する
printer machine that makes copies of papers and documents n 印刷機;プリンター 
prior Existing or coming earlier in time adj 前の; 優先する
priority fact that is more important than other things n 優先順位
prison place the court puts criminals as punishment; jail n 刑務所
prisoner Someone kept in a prison as punishment for a crime n 囚人
private (information) personal; not to be seen by everyone adj 私的な;個人的な
privilege advantage or right that is given to only a certain person or group of people n 特権;特典
prize Something that is won in a contest or given as an award n 賞品
pro Playing a sport as a job n 専門職
probability what the chances are that something will happen n 可能性;確率
probably (+adj or v) that is likely to happen or be true adv おそらく
problem Something difficult to deal with or causes trouble n 問題
procedure usual or standard way in which something is done n 手順
proceed To continue to do something; carry on verb 続ける;実施する
process To adopt a set of actions that produce a particular result verb 製造過程;手順;一連のプロセス,処理する
produce To manufacture something using machines verb 産出する;製造する
producer company producing or growing a certain product n 生産者;製造者
product item that can be bought n 製品
production process of making something on a large scale n 生産
profession job requiring special education or skills n 専門職
professional About a job such as doctor, lawyer, accountant, etc adj 専門職の;プロの
profile description listing the basic information about a person or group n 紹介;プロフィール,概略を書く;人物評を書く
profit To earn money from something verb 利益を得る
program planned set of actions; a schematic system n 計画;予定
progress To move forward or toward a place or goal verb 前進する
project a planned piece of work for specific purpose n 計画;事業;プロジェクト
promise to say you will certainly do something verb 約束する
promote To try to encourage the popularity and sales of a product verb 推進する;促進する;奨励する
promotion act of advertising a product to people n 促進;販売促進
prompt Being done quickly and with no delay verb 刺激する;促す,刺激;促進
proof Something which shows that something else is true n 証拠;証明
proper Correct according to social or moral rules adj 適切な
properly In an appropriate or correct manner adv 適切に
property Things, building or piece of land owned by someone n 所有物;財産
proportion amount that is a part of a whole thing n 割合
proposal offer or plan to people who can decide about it n 提案
propose To offer or put forward an idea for consideration verb 提案する
prospect Wide view of a landscape, etc n 見込み;可能性
protect To defend someone or something from harm or danger verb 保護する
protection Being kept from harm n 保護
protein substance found in some foods, such as meat, that is needed by the body to stay healthy n タンパク質
protest To express opposition through action or words verb 抗議,抗議する
proud Pleased because of something you have done adj 誇りに思う
prove To demonstrate truth by providing evidence verb 証明する
provide To make available; to supply for use verb 提供する
province area that a country or nation is divided into n 州;省;領域
provision clause in a legal document n 規定;条項;条件

ps

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
psychological Having to do with the mind adj 心理的

pu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
pub building with a bar licensed to sell alcohol n パブ;酒場
public concerning society in general adj 公の;公的な
publication process of producing a book, magazine n 発表;出版
publisher business that produces books or magazines n 出版社
pull To hold something and move it toward you verb 引く;引っ張る
pump To make water or any other liquid move using a machine verb ポンプ,ポンプでくみ上げる
pupil person who is being taught, in a school, etc n 児童;生徒
purchase To buy something; to get by paying money for it verb 購入する
pure Not mixed with anything else; uncontaminated adj 純粋な
purpose reason for which something is done; aim; goal n 目的
pursue To follow and try to catch or to reach a goal verb 追求する
push To force something away from you verb 押しのける
put To move or place a thing in a particular position verb 置く

q

qu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
quadrillion number that is represented as a one followed by 24 zeros n
qualification official record proving a certain standard or level n 資格
qualify to earn a qualification through exam/studying verb 資格を取る
quality high level of worth or excellence n 質;資質
quantity amount or number of something n
quarter One of four equal parts of something n 4分の1
question To ask for or try to get information verb 質問する;疑問に思う
quick Using very little time; moving far in little time adj 素早い;速い
quickly without taking a lot of time; fast adv 速く;すぐに
quiet Not loud; making very little sound adj 静かな
quietly In a quiet manner; making little sound or fuss adv 静かに
QUINTILLION the number that is represented as a one followed by zeros undefined
quite Very; In a complete or total manner adv 全く;かなり
quote To use someone's exact words in your writing or speech verb 引用する,引用

r

ra

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
race contest between either people, animals or vehicles, to determine which is the fastest n 競争,競争する
racial Concerning or according to race adj 人種の
radical very new and different from what is traditional adj 抜本的な;急進的な
radio system for sending and receiving signals through the air n ラジオ
rail long, thin piece of metal n 鉄道;レール
rain Drops of water that fall out of clouds in the sky n
raise To increase a quantity, size, intensity or price verb 高める
random Chosen, done without a particular plan or pattern adj 無作為の
range limits within which something extends or varies n 範囲,範囲に及ぶ;並べる
rank To rate people in higher or lower position relative to others verb 階級;地位,順位付けする
rapid Happening very quickly adj 急速な
rapidly With great speed adv 急速に
rare Not common or usual adj 珍しい
rarely In an infrequent manner adv めったに~ない
rat Any of various long-tailed rodents similar to but larger than a mouse n ネズミ
rate speed or frequency of events over time n 速度;割合;比率
rather Somewhat; fairly; not that much adv かなり;いくぶん;どちらかといえば;それどころか
ratio quantitative relationship in size, etc n 比率
raw Being uncooked adj 生の;未加工の

re

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
reach To come to or arrive at a goal or destination verb 伸びる;及ぶ;届く;到着する,伸ばすこと;届く範囲
react To behave or make a change in a particular way verb 反応する
reaction feeling or action in response to something n 反応
read To look at and comprehend the meaning some writing verb 読む
reader person who reads written or printed materials n 読者
ready Prepared adj 用意のできた;~しがち;即座の
real Actually existing or happening, not imagined adj 現実の;本物の
reality What is true, as opposed to what is imagined n 現実
realize To become aware of or understand mentally verb 気づく;理解する
really Very adv 本当に;実に
rear To bring up animals e.g. horses as a farmer verb 育てる
reason explanation for why something occurred or was done n 理由;原因;根拠
reasonable Fair and sensible; appropriate adj 理性的な;合理的
reasonably In a fair and just manner adv 理性的に;合理的に
recall To remember events or details of the past verb 思い出す,想起
receive to get something that someone has given or sent to you verb 受ける;受信する
recent happening or beginning not long ago adj 最近の
recently just a while ago; not long ago adv 最近;近年
reckon to believe or expect that something is true verb 数える;考える
recognition Accepting that something is true or that it exists n 認識
recognize To remember because you have met it before verb 認識する
recommend To say something is good and deserves to be chosen verb 推薦する
recommendation official suggestion about a course of action or a choice of person; the act of suggesting someone or something as a good choice n 推薦
record Being the highest or most extreme level achieved in an area n レコード
recover To revive, become healthy after an illness or injury verb 回復する
recovery process of returning to a former state after problems or a downward turn n 回復
recruit To get people to come and work, join or study with you verb 採用する;募集する,新入社員
red being the color of blood adj 赤;血の色のような
reduce To make something smaller or use less of it verb 減少させる
reduction Making something smaller ; reducing something n 削減
refer To talk about or write about something verb 言及する;引用する;参照する
reference To cite a piece of research in speech or in writing verb 言及;参照
reflect to bounce back off a surface e.g. light verb 反映する;反射する
reflection image that you see in a mirror, glass, or water n 反射;反響
reform To improve society by removing abuse and injustices verb 改革する,改革;改良
refugee person who has been forced to leave his or her country due to a war or for religious reasons n 難民
refuse To say that you will not accept something verb 拒否する
regard To pay attention to someone or something verb 注視する;注意を払う
regardless Without being affected or concerned by something difficult or troubling adj ~に注意しない;~にかかわらず
region part of a country, of the world, area, etc n 地域
regional Concerning a particular area adj 地域の
register To record your name on an official list; sign up verb 登録する,登録
registration act of recording information on an official list n 登録
regret To be sorry about something verb 後悔する,後悔
regular Occurring or being done frequently adj 定期的な;規則的な
regularly At the usual time each day, week, or month adv 定期的に;規則的に
regulate To set or adjust the amount, restrict something verb 規制する
regulation official rule that controls how something is done n 規制
reject To refuse, deny to believe, accept, or consider verb 拒否する
relate To understand or sympathize with someone or something verb 関係づける;関連する
relation manner in which people, groups or countries behave toward one another n ~に関する
relationship manner in which people, groups or countries behave toward one another n 関係
relative Measured or considered in comparison to something else n 親戚
relatively In a manner that measures or compares something to something else adv 比較的に;相対的に
relax To become or free from tense, tight, or stiff verb くつろぐ;緩める
release To allow to leave a jail, cage, prison, etc verb 解放する;公開する,解放
relevant Concerning a subject in an considerable way adj 関連した
reliable Deserving of your trust, dependable adj 信頼できる
relief pleasant and relaxed feeling n 除去;安心;救助
religion set of beliefs about a god or gods n 宗教
religious Concerning religion or faith adj 宗教的な
rely on To depend on someone or something verb 頼る
remain To be left behind, to continue to exist verb 残る;~ままである,残り;遺跡
remark To notice or make a comment about something verb 発言,述べる
remarkable Interesting and unexpected, worthy of notice adj 顕著な
remember To bring a previous image or idea to your mind verb 思い出す
remind To make someone remember something verb 思い出させる
remote Being far away from people, towns, and other things that are familiar adj 遠い
remove To move, erase or take away from a place verb 取り除く;解任する
rent To pay money for the use of something verb 家賃,賃借りする
repair To put what is broken back into good condition ; fix verb 修理する
repeat To say something again verb 繰り返す,繰り返し
replace To use instead of something else verb 取り替える
reply Answer someone's question n 答える,返信
report account of something which gives the necessary facts and information n 報告書; レポート
reporter Someone whose job is to research, gather, write, and report news for a newspaper, magazine, television or radio station n 報告書;記者;レポーター
represent To stand in the place of to act the part of verb 表す;代表する;説明する
representation act or action of representing something n 表現
representative Typical of a particular group or thing n 代表者,代表する
reputation common opinion that people have about someone n 評判
request To ask for something verb 依頼する,依頼
require To need something, to make it necessary verb 必要とする
requirement Something that is a necessity n 必要条件
rescue To save something from danger or harm verb 救助する,救助
research To carefully study to find and report new knowledge verb 研究,研究する
researcher Someone who does research work n 研究者
reserve To arrange for a room, table be kept for you, at particular time. verb 予約する;取っておく
resident someone who lives in a particular place adj 居住している,住民
resign To leave a job because you want to verb 辞任する
resist To try to stop or prevent something verb 抵抗する
resistance Refusal to accept something new or different n 抵抗;耐性
resolution formal statement of the desires or decisions of a group n 解決;決議;分解
resolve To be determined to find an answer or to solve problems verb 解決する
resort place that provides entertainment, meals, and rooms that one goes to for a vacation n リゾート地
resource essential supply of something n 資源
respect To think very highly of another person because of what they do verb 尊敬する,尊敬
respectively With regards to each of several persons or things as mentioned, in the order they were mentioned adv それぞれ
respond To say or write to answer the question verb 返事する;反応する
response Something said or written as an answer to something n 返答;反応
responsibility state of being dependable or reliable n 責任
responsible Having the duty of dealing with something; being the cause or creator of something; behaving in a mature and reasonable manner adj 責任がある;信頼できる
rest time when one relaxes, sleeps, or is inactive n 休憩
restaurant place where you can order, buy and eat a meal n レストラン
restore To put or bring back into existence or use, mend verb 回復する
restrict To prevent someone from doing something verb 制限する
restriction law or rule that controls or limits the speed, size, amount, or number of something n 制限
result To be the outcome of other causes and effects verb 結果,~という結果になる
retail Concerning the business of selling products to the public for personal use adj 小売
retain To continue to have or use, keep the quality verb 保持する
retire To stop because you have reached the time verb 引退する;退職する
retirement Concerning people who have stopped working because they have reached a certain age n 引退;退職
return To come back to a place again verb 戻す;返す,帰宅;返却;復帰;お返し
reveal To make known, to show or prove verb 暴露,明らかにする
revenue Money that is made by or paid to a business n 収入
reverse To change to an opposite state ,way or condition verb 逆,反対の,逆転する
review To carefully look at the quality of something verb 批評,批評する
revise To make changes, add something to improve verb 改訂する;復習する
revolution sudden significant change n 革命;回転数
reward To give something to someone because of their good work verb 報酬,報いる

ri

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
rice white or brown grains from a plant used for food n
rich Having a lot of money, possessions, or resources adj 金持ち;豊かな
rid To no longer be wanted so you throw it away verb 除去する;解放する
ride To sit on and control a horse or vehicle verb 乗る,乗車
right on side where the hand that most people write with adj 右の;右に
ring To produce a sound from a bell, alarm or telephone verb ベルやアラームの音が鳴る;響く
rise To move from a lower position to a higher one verb 上がる;起立する,上昇
risk To take the chance that you may do something dangerous verb 危険;リスク,賭ける;危険にさらす
rival be in opposition to someone often as competitors adj ライバル
river flowing water that runs from mountains to the sea n

ro

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
road long piece of hard land for cars to travel on n 道路
rock big stone; hard, solid substance forming mountains n 岩;石
role character played by an actor n 役割
roll To move along a surface by turning many times verb 転がる
romantic Involving, causing, or relating to strong feelings of love between two people adj ロマンチックな
roof cover or top of something n 屋根
room part of building enclosed by walls, e.g. kitchen n 部屋
root the part of a plant that grows underground n 根;根元,根付かせる;根こそぎにする
rough Having an uneven or not smooth surface adj 大ざっぱな;おおよその
roughly In an inexact or imprecise manner adv 粗雑に;手荒く
round being in the shape of a circle or ball adj 丸い,円形
route way to get from one place to another place n
routine Happening or done regularly or frequently n 日課,いつもの
row To move a boat using long pieces of wood called oars verb 漕ぐ
royal Concerning a king or queen adj 国王の

ru

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ruin To destroy or spoil something, to make it useless verb 荒廃;破滅,破壊する;破滅させる;だめにする
rule statement that says how things should be n 規則;ルール;習慣,決定する
run To move your legs faster than walking verb 走る
rural Concerning the country as opposed to the city adj 田舎の;農村の
rush To do something very quickly verb 大急ぎでする;突進する,急ぎ;突進;ほとばしり

s

sa

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
sad feeling unhappy; wishing something hadn't happened adj 悲しい
safe being out of danger adj 安全な
safety state of being free from harm or danger n 安全
sail To travel on water in a ship or boat verb 帆,航行する
sake interest or benefit of someone or something n 為;目的;利益
salary money an employee is paid each year n 給料
sale Giving something for money; the amount sold n 販売;売上高
salt Natural white crystal used to flavor or preserve food n
same Identical; not different det 同じ
sample To try something to see if you like it (e.g. food) verb 見本;サンプル
sanction action taken to force a country to obey laws n 認可;制裁
sand Grains of rock that make beaches and deserts n
satisfaction happy feeling because of something that you did n 満足
satisfy To be happy because you met your expectation verb 満たす
saturday sixth day of the week; the day after Friday n 土曜日
save To rescue someone or something from a bad situation verb 救う
say To use words to tell your message verb 言う;言葉を使う

sc

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
scale a device that is used to weigh a person or thing n 目盛り;基準;尺度;縮尺比;規模
scan To look for details in something by examining it carefully verb 詳しく調べる;ざっと目を通す;スキャンする
scare to make someone feel frightened or worried verb 怖がらせる
scene part of an act in a play n 現場;場面
schedule To arrange a time to do something with others verb 予定;スケジュール
scheme often dishonest plan to get or do something n 計画;構想
scholar educated person who attends or attended school n 学者
school building where you learn in classes with a teacher n 学校;教習所
science Knowledge of the physical world based on facts n 科学
scientific Concerning science adj 科学的
scientist person who is trained in a science n 科学者
scope area or range of things that something includes or deals with n 範囲,詳しく調べる
score To get points in a sport such as kicking a ball into a goal verb 得点,得点する
scream To make a sudden loud cry verb 悲鳴,悲鳴を上げる
screen flat surface on a computer, or tv that shows images n 画面,上映する;検査する;選抜する;隠す

se

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
sea place with a large amount of salt water n
seal To make something so that it does not leak air or water verb 封印する;密封する
search To carefully look for something verb 捜す,捜索
season One of the four parts of the year determined mainly by the weather during that time n 季節
seat To show someone to a place that can sit down verb 座席,着席させる
second 2nd; the one following first adj 第二の
secondary Being of less importance than something else adj 二番目の;二次的な
secondly Concerning a point or reason after the first adv 第二に
secret that you don't want others to know; private adj 秘密の
secretary Employee in an office, usually working for another person, dealing with letters, typing, filing, etc. and making appointments and arrangements n 秘書;大臣;長官
section One of the parts that form something n 部分;区間
sector area that includes certain kinds of job n 部門
secure To protect something from danger or harm, keep things safe verb 安全な,確保する;固定する
security Things done to protect people, buildings, a country, etc. from harm n 安全
see To use your eyes to look at something verb 見る
seed small object from which something new can grow n 種子
seek To search for; to try to find; look for verb 探し求める
seem To appear to be something verb ~のように見える;思われる
segment part divided from the other parts of something n 部分
select To choose from a group, something most suitable verb 選択する,厳選した
selection process of choosing someone or something carefully n 選択
self person that someone really is n 自己
sell To exchange something for money verb 売る
send To cause mail or package to go to another place verb 送る;送信する
senior Having higher status or authority than another person adj 年長者;先輩;高齢者
sense To perceive using sight, sound, taste touch or hearing verb 感覚,感じる;感知する
sensitive Easily hurt or damaged adj 敏感な;繊細な
sentence set of spoken or written words that make a whole statement n
separate to divide into parts, or to make something divide into parts adj 離す;分ける,分かれた
september 9th month of the year n 9月
sequence order in which things (should) happen n 連続
series number of things that happen one after another n pl. 連続
serious Needing thought or concentration; important; in a sober manner adj 深刻な;真剣な;まじめな
seriously In a dangerous or negative manner adv 真剣に
servant person who works in another person's house and usually is responsible for cooking, cleaning and other tasks n 使用人
serve to give or provide something to another person verb 供給する;役立つ
server person whose occupation is to serve at table (as in a restaurant) (court games) the player who serves to start a point (computer science) a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network; utensil used in serving food or drink n サーバー
service To maintain a piece of machinery so it runs well verb 修理する;点検する
session meeting or series of meetings of a body, such as a court or legislature n 開催;時間;集会;セッション
set complete group of something, e.g. a chess set n セット;一揃え
settle To move to a new environment and become accustomed to it verb 定住する;落ち着く
Settlement place or region where people build homes and few people have lived before n 移住;入植地;落ち着くこと
seven number 7 num
seventeen 17 num 十七
seventy 70 num 七十
several More than two but not many det いくつかの;それぞれの
severe Very bad adj 厳しい
sex state of being male or female mostly biological n 性別
sexual Concerning or connected with the physical activity that can produce babies adj 性的な

sh

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
shade area of darkness when something blocks the light n 日陰
shadow dark shape that appears when something is against the; of light n
shake to move something violently back and forth or up and down verb 振る;震える;動揺させる,振動;震え
shall Expressing the future tense, to expect to happen aux ~すべきである;当然~だろう;~しなければならない;~しましょうか
shape the outer form of something, what it looks like n 形,形作る
share part of a company you own, shown by a certificate n 株;株券
shareholder Someone who holds shares of stock in a corporation n 株主
sharp Having a thin edge or point that is able to cut adj 鋭い;とがった
she female person or animal mentioned before pron 彼女
sheep animal with a woolly coat raised for meat or wool n
sheet large piece of fabric or material that is used to cover something, often a bed n 枚;用紙;シート
shelf flat board attached to a wall on which to store things n
shell hard outer covering that protects n 貝殻
shelter structure that covers or protects things n 避難所;保護施設
shift To change in position or direction verb 替える,交代
shine To be bright because light hits it e.g. the sun verb 光る
ship large boat n
shirt light garment for upper body, with sleeves n シャツ
shock sudden bad feeling caused by something unexpected n ぎょっとさせる,激突;ショック
shoe outer covering for the foot made from leather n
shoot To kick or throw a ball at a goal verb (ボールをゴールに)ける;投げ入れる;シュートする
shop place which sells things n 店;商店
shore land along the edge of an area of water n
short small distance from one end to the other n 短い;背が低い;不足して
shot To kick or throw a ball at a goal verb (ボールをゴールに)ける;投げ入れる;シュートする
should Used to indicate what is proper or reasonable aux ~べきである
shoulder part of the body where an arm attaches or joins n
shout To speak very loudly because you want to get their attention verb 叫ぶ
Show To explain or teach how something is done verb (やり方を)見せる;教える
shower process of cleaning your body by standing under falling water n シャワーを浴びる;浴びせる;たくさん与える
shut To close something verb 閉じる;閉める,閉じた

si

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
sick Having a physical or mental illness adj 病気の
side straight edge of an object n 側面
sigh To breathe out in a way to show boredom or disappointment verb ため息,ため息をつく
sight sense that allows one to see and take in information through your eyes n 見ること;視力;視野
sign To write your signature on formal documents such as contracts verb 署名する;合図する;契約する
signal move a hand, or other thing to tell people to do something. adj 信号,合図する;示す,際立った
significance importance of something; the potential for something to have a big effect n 意義
significant Large enough to be noticed or have an effect; important adj 重要な
significantly In a way that is important or noticeable adv 著しく
silence No sound or noise n 静けさ
silent Not speaking or making noise adj 静かな
silly Lacking seriousness or foolish adv ばかな
silver near white color metal with high value and the symbol ‘ag’ n
similar Nearly the same adj よく似た
similarly In away that is almost the same as something or someone else adv 同様に
simple Not hard to understand or do; not complex adj 簡単な;単純な
simply In an easy or clear manner adv 簡単に;単純に
since from the time in the past that prep ~以来;~なので
sing To make musical sounds with your voice verb 歌う
singer person who sings, often as a profession n 歌手
single Only, merely adj たった一つの
sink large bowl in a kitchen or washroom for washing things n 流し
sir form of address to a man you respect/do not know n あなたさま;~殿
sister female you share a parent with n 姉妹
sit To be in a resting position on a chair verb 座る
site present, former or future LOCATION of something, such as a building n ウェブサイト
situate To place someone or something in a particular place or position verb 位置付ける
situation condition, location or position n 状況
six 6 num
sixteen 16 num 十六
sixty 60 num 六十
size How big or small a thing is n 大きさ;サイズ

sk

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ski One of a pair of long flat runners attached to the feet for gliding over snow n スキー
skill ability to do something well n 熟練;技術
skin outer layer of an animal or human n 皮膚
skirt piece of clothing for the lower body worn by women n スカート
sky the place where we see clouds above us n

sl

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
slave Someone who is legally owned by another person n 奴隷
sleep To rest your body in bed, as at night time verb 眠る
slice flat piece of food that has been cut from a bigger piece of food n 一切れ;薄片
slide To move smoothly and easily, usually over a surface verb 滑る;そっと動く;下がる;悪化する,滑ること;滑り台
slight Very small adj わずかな,軽視
slightly Concerning a small quantity or degree adv わずかに
slip To slide out of position or fall on the ground by accident verb 滑る,滑ること
slope Ground that slants downward or upward n 傾斜
slow moving or happening without speed; not fast adj 遅い;遅くなる
slowly in an unhurried or not speedy manner adv ゆっくりと

sm

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
small Little in size; not big adj 小さい
smart Being wise, intelligent or clever adj 賢い
smell To use the nose to sense something verb におい,においを嗅ぐ;においがする
smile To put up the corners of mouth to show happiness verb ほほえむ,笑顔
smoke To breathe in through a cigarette and then blow it out verb 喫煙
smooth Something that feels pleasant and flat when you touch it not rough adj なめらかな,なめらかにする
snap To break something long and thin e.g. a branch verb ポキッと折る;プツンと切れる;パチンと音を立てる;すばやく動く,パチンという音
snow icy material falling from the clouds n 雪,雪が降る

so

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
So For that reason conj その理由で
social Involving activities among people especially free time activities adj 社会的な
society community of people living together n 社会
soft Easy to press, bend or cut; not hard or firm adj やわらかい;穏やかな
software market for software is expected to expand n ソフトウェア
soil mix of sand and other natural material on the surface of the earth that is used to grow plants n 土壌
soldier person who is in the military n 兵士
solid Firm or hard ; not a gas or liquid adj 固体の;堅実な
solution Something that ends a problem n 解決策; 解答
solve To find a way to deal with a problem verb 解決する
some Used to refer to an unspecified amount or number det いくらかの;ある;およそ
somebody Person who is not known or named pron 誰か
somehow In a way that is not known or certain adv どういうわけか;なんらかの方法で
someone person who is not known or named pron 誰か
something thing that is not yet known or named pron 何か
sometimes only at certain times; occasionally adv ときどき
somewhat little, not very adv いくぶん
somewhere at or to an unknown or unnamed place adv どこかに
son male child; friendly way of addressing a boy n 息子
song Some music with words in verse n
soon At a time not long from now adv もうすぐ;早く
sorry what you say to admit you were wrong itj すまないと思う;後悔している;気の毒に思う
sort group or class of similar things or people n 種類
soul spiritual part of a person n
sound Waves traveling in air or water that can be heard n 音;音響
source Produces or provides what is wanted or needed n
south direction that is the opposite of north adj 南;南の;南へ
southern Having to do with a region in the south adj 南部の

sp

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
space empty area with nothing in it n 空間;間隔
spare Being extra; available to be used or borrowed adj 予備;スペア
speak To use words to tell information, express thoughts verb 話す
speaker person who makes a speech before a group n 話す人;演説者
special Different from what is usual; better or greater than normal adj 特別な
specialist person who works in one specific area of a field or profession n 専門家
specialize To focus on one area of a field or profession verb 専門にする
species most specific level in the scientific tree n pl.
specific Special or particular; clearly presented or stated adj 明確な;特定の
specifically In a well defined or clear manner; in particular adv 特に
specify To state, name or mention exactly and clearly verb 指定する
speech expression of ideas or opinions n 話;スピーチ
speed quality of being fast or quick n 速さ,急ぐ;加速する
spell to be able to say, write, or print the letters that make up a word verb つづり;スペル,つづる
spend To use money to pay for something verb 使う;過ごす
spin To turn around repeatedly verb 回転する
spirit part of a person that is not physical and believed to be the source of human emotions and character n 精神;気分;気力
split To break something into pieces or divide someting verb 割る;裂く,分割;対立
sponsor To help someone or something succeed by giving them money verb 出資者;スポンサー,スポンサーになる 
sport game or physical exercise with rules n スポーツ
spot see someone by chance adj 見つける
spread To place something over or cover a large area verb 広げる,広がり
spring time of year when plants start growing after winter n
square shape with 4 equal length sides and 4 equal angles n 正方形;四角

st

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
stability quality or state of not being easily moved or changed n 安定
stable In a good situation or condition not likely changed adj 安定した
staff employees of a company n 職員,職員を配置する
stage place where actors or musician perform for others n 舞台
stain To mark or change the color of something so it looks dirty verb 染み;汚点,染める;汚す
stair Steps that go from one level to another n 階段
stake To bet or wager on an outcome verb 賭け金,賞金;利害関係,賭ける
stamp small piece of paper you buy to put on a letter that you mail n 切手
stand to be upright; not be sitting or lying down verb 立つ
standard accepted level of quality; an official measurement adj 標準,標準の
star A bright planet of gas in the night sky adj
stare To look at someone or something for a long time verb じっと見る
start first time or place that a thing exists; beginning n 始め;開始
state region within a country, with its own government n
statement act or process of saying something formally n 発言;陳述
station place where you can catch a train or a bus n
statistic number that represents a piece of information n 統計値
status position or rank relative to others in a society n 社会的地位
stay To spend time visiting a place or someone’s home verb 滞在する
steady Firmly fixed, supported or balanced; not shaking, rocking or likely to fall over adj 安定した
steal To secretly take something that belongs to another verb 盗む
steel very strong metal made of iron and other substances mixed together n
stem long, thin thing joining parts of a plant n 幹,起因する;食い止める
step flat horizontal piece that forms stairs n 階段;ステップ
stick long thin piece of wood from a tree n
still (used of an action or condition that is ongoing) adv まだ;それでも;なお
stimulate Excite to action verb 刺激する
stir To mix something by making circular movements in it verb かき混ぜる
stock piece of a business, bought in the form of shares n 在庫;蓄え,仕入れる;満たす
stomach place in the body where food is digested n
stone hard, solid piece of rock n
stop To finish moving or to come to an end verb 止まる
storage act of storing something; a depository for goods n 貯蔵;保管;保管場所
store place where you can go to buy things n
storm Weather with a lot of rain, snow and strong winds n
story an account or description of how something happened n 話;物語
straight Not having curves, bends, or angles adj まっすぐな
strain To use too much energy that you hurt yourself verb こす;ろ過する
strange Unusual or odd; surprising because unexpected adj 奇妙な
stranger Someone you do not know n 見知らぬ人
strategy careful plan or method for achieving a goal n 戦略
stream small river n 流れる
street road in a city with buildings and places to walk n 道;通り
strength Being strong n 力;強さ
strengthen To make something stronger verb 強化する
stress To be in a state of mental tension due to problems verb ストレスを感じる
stretch To make something bigger by pulling on it verb 伸ばす
strict command that must be obeyed adj 厳格な
strike To hit something verb 打つ;殴る
string Thick thread; thin rope n 糸;ひも
strip To take something away from (someone) verb 細長い路
stroke To touch someone or something repeatedly in a caring way verb なでる
strong Having big muscles; physically powerful adj 強い;力強い
strongly With strength or in a strong manner adv 強く
structural Concerning or caused by structure adj 構造の
structure the way something is built, arranged or organized n 構造;組み立て
struggle to try very hard to do something difficult verb もがく;奮闘する
student person studying at school n 学生
studio place for painting, broadcasting, etc n スタジオ
study To focus on learning something usually at school verb 勉強する
stuff generic description for things, materials, objects n
stupid not intelligent; lacking the ability to learn easily adj ばか;頭が悪い
style the (tasteful) way something is designed or made n 様式

su

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
subject the person or thing that does the action of a verb n 主語
submit To accept a superior force has power over you verb 提出する
subsequent Happening after adj 次の; 後の
subsequently After something else has happened adv 後で
substance particular type of material n 実体;実質;内容
substantial Being large in degree, quantity, or size adj かなりの; 実質的な
substitute person or thing that makes the place instead of something n 代わり,代用する:置き換える
succeed to have achieved what you were trying to achieve verb 成功する
success achievement of a desired purpose or goal n 成功
successful Having the desired effect or result adj 成功した
successfully In a manner that achieves a goal adv 成功するかたちで
such Like or similar det そのような;とても~な
sudden Happening or done quickly or unexpectedly adj 突然の
suddenly In an unexpected or very quick manner adv 突然に
suffer To experience pain, illness, or injury verb 苦しむ;耐える
sufficient Having or providing enough when needed adj 十分な
sugar white sweet substance used to make foods sweeter n 砂糖
suggest to mention something that could be done; propose verb 提案する
suggestion idea about what someone should do n 提案
suit To be appropriate for a given situation verb 合う;適する
suitable right for a particular purpose or occasion adj 適した;ふさわしい
sum amount when all is added together; total n 合計
summarize To state the main or most important ideas of something verb 要約する
summary brief statement that gives the most important info n 要約
summer part of the year when the weather is hot n
sun the hot shining star the Earth moves around n 太陽
sunday seventh day of the week, the day after Saturday n 日曜日
supplement add extra to support or make something complete n 補足,補う
supplier organization that provides a product or service n 供給者
supply To give or sell goods to others for their use verb 供給する
support To give assistance or advice to someone verb 支える;支援する
supporter someone who shows they are in favor of idea/plan n サポーター; 支持者
suppose To imagine or guess what might happen verb 思う;仮定する
sure having no doubts about something adj 確信している
surely With certainty; definitely adv 確かに;きっと
Surface of the top layer; superficial adj 表面の
surgery medical treatment in which a doctor performs an operation, cutting into a body to remove or repair internal parts n 手術
surprise To do something that another person didn't expect verb 驚かせる
surprisingly In an unexpected manner ; to an unexpected degree adv 驚くほど
surround To be on every side of something verb 囲む
survey To ask people a question about a particular topic verb 調査する
survival act of continuing to exist when facing difficulty n 生き残り
survive to continue to live despite illness or trouble verb 耐える;生き残る
suspect To doubt or lack trust verb 疑う
suspend To stop something for a period of time; to interrupt verb 一時停止する;停職・停学にする
sustain To maintain, lengthen or continue to do something verb 持続する

sw

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
swear To make a serious promise to do something verb 誓う
sweep To remove something from a surface with a brush verb 掃く
sweet tasting like sugar; containing sugar adj 甘い
swim to move through water by moving parts of the body verb 泳ぐ
swing outdoor seat that hangs by two ropes, often from a tree n ブランコ
switch thing you move to turn electrical items on or off n スイッチ

sy

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
symbol action, object that represents a particular idea or quality n 象徴;記号;シンボル
symptom sign in the body or mind that appears to suggest that one has an illness n 症状;兆候
system set of organized, planned ideas that work together n 体系;システム

t

ta

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
table raised flat surface n テーブル
tackle attempt to force a person to the ground; often in sports such as RUGBY or American football n 取り組む
tail part of an animal's body that extends from it's back end n
take To pick up something and go away with it verb 持ち帰る
tale story about colorful and imaginary events n 物語
talent natural ability of a person to do something well n 才能
talk To say things or ideas to someone with words verb 話す
tall High in height adj 背の高い
tank container for holding liquid or gas n タンク
tap to hit something lightly verb 軽くたたく;コツコツと音を立てる
tape To stick things together using an adhesive strip verb テープで貼る
target a goal or amount you are trying to achieve n 目標
task big or small piece of work someone has to do n 仕事;任務
taste the flavor in your mouth from food or drink n
tax Money taken by a government from its people n
taxi car that transports people for money n タクシー

te

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
tea drink made when you put dried leaves in hot water n お茶
teach To help someone learn or do something verb 教える
teacher person who teaches others, especially in a school n 先生
team group of people working on a task together n チーム
tear drop of salty water from the eye n
technical of practical use of machines or science in industry adj 技術的な;専門的な
technique way of doing by using special knowledge or skill n 技術
technology use or knowledge of science in industry, engineering etc n 科学技術
teenager person between the ages of 13 and 19 n ティーンエイジャー;10代の若者
telephone machine used to talk to someone who is far away n 電話
television device that broadcasts programs, movies or show n テレビ
tell To say or communicate information to someone verb 伝える; 話す
temperature how hot or cold something is, e.g. the weather n 温度
temporary Continuing for a limited time, not permanent adj 一時的な
ten 10 num 10
tend To regularly behave in a certain way verb ~する傾向がある
tendency likelihood to behave in a particular way n 傾向
tender Offer; extend adj 柔らかい
tennis game played by hitting a ball over a net n テニス
tension feeling of anxiety and inability to relax n ピンと張ること;緊張
tent portable cloth shelter used outdoors n テント
term fixed period of weeks for learning at school n 学期
terrible Very bad; horrible adj ひどい;恐ろしい
territory area of land or ocean owned or controlled by a government or person n 領土
terrorist radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities n テロリスト 
test examination; questions to measure knowledge n 試験;テスト
text written part of a book or other work n 教科書

th

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
than Used to compare two things that are not equal conj ~よりも
thank to tell someone you are grateful to them verb 感謝する
that used to show which person or thing we are talking about adj それ;あれ;そのようなこと,その;あの,それくらい
theater place where shows are performed on a stage n 劇場
their Belonging to them det 彼らの;彼女らの;それらの
them Referring to specified other people pron 彼らを;彼女らを;それらを
theme main subject to discuss or describe n 主題;テーマ
themselves reflexive form of they pron 彼ら自身;彼女ら自身;それら自体
then At that time not now adv あのとき;それから
theoretical Involved the uncertain or yet to be proved aspects of a certain subject adj 理論的な
theory idea that is explain facts or events academically n 理論
therapy Treatment intended to help fix your problem or medical illness n 治療
there In that place or position, at that location adv そこ;あそこ;そこで;そこに
therefore For that reason adv それゆえに
these People, things, or ideas near you det これら
they Used to refer to two or more people, animals, or things pron 彼ら;彼女ら;それら
thick Having a large distance between two surfaces adj ぶ厚い
thin not thick; not wide in size adj 薄い;細い
thing something you cannot remember the name of n あの物;あのこと
think To have an idea, opinion or belief about something verb 考える;思う
thirst need for something to drink n 渇き,喉が渇く
thirteen 13 num 13
thirty number 30 num 30
this person, thing, or idea near you adj この,これ,こんなに
those used to show which people or things we are talking about det あれら
though Although, despite the fact that adv ~だけれども
thousand number 1,000 num 1000 
threat Warning of probable trouble n 脅し
threaten To say you will harm or hurt someone verb 脅かす
three number 3 num 3
throat inside of the neck that swallows n
through From one end or side of something to the other end or side adj 〜を通じて; 〜を通して;完全に
throughout Over or across an entire thing or place, or in every part of something prep 至る所に;~の間中ずっと
throw To use your arm to make a thing fly through the air verb 投げる
thursday fourth day of the week; the day after Wednesday n 木曜日
thus therefore; so; as a result adv このように;したがって

ti

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ticket piece of paper that lets you enter or use something n 切符;チケット
tie To attach things (together) with a string or rope verb 結ぶ;縛る
tight (rope or tie) pulled strongly adj きつい;ピンと張った:詰まった;密接な;厳しい
till Until conj ~まで
time Something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc n 時間(という概念)
tiny very, very small adj とても小さい
tip hint or clue n 内密情報;ヒント,内報する;予想する
tire Lose energy and feel that you need to rest n 疲れさせる;飽きさせる
tissue piece of thin, soft paper that is used, in particular, for blowing and cleaning the nose n ティッシュ
title name given to something to identify or describe it n 称号

to

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
to Move towards; in the direction of adv ~へ;~に;~まで;~に対して;~すること;~ために
today on this day; at the time that is happening now adv 今日
together Near close in the same place not far in a family or group adv 一緒に;まとめて
tomorrow day after today adv 明日;未来
tone sound of a voice that reveals emotion or meaning n 口調、調子
tongue part of the body that tastes food; it is pink or red and is inside the mouth n
tonight night following this day adv 今夜
too say that something is more than you want adv あまりに~すぎる
tool device used to make things, e.g. a hammer or driver n 道具
tooth hard white things in the mouth, used to bite n
top highest or upper part or point of something n 最上部;最上位
topic matter people talk or write about n 話題;トピック
total whole number or amount of something n 合計
totally In a complete way; completely; absolutely adv 全く
touch to feel an object with your fingers, etc verb 触る;接する
tough Very difficult to do or deal with adj 丈夫な;骨の折れる
tour a journey to visit several places for pleasure n 旅行
tourism traveling to new places, e.g. abroad, for vacations n 観光
tourist Someone who travels to a place for pleasure n 観光客
toward Facing or moving in the direction of something adv ~の方へ;~へ向いて;~に対して
tower tall, narrow building n 塔;タワー
town small city n
toy things children play with, as dolls or small cars n おもちゃ

tr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
trace To find, describe or discover by investigation verb 跡,跡を追う;探し出す
track To follow behind someone to see what they are doing verb 跡;道,追跡する
trade To buy, sell and exchange goods in business verb 取引する
tradition way of thinking, behaving that used for a long time n 伝統
traditional Involved in a tradition adj 伝統的な
traffic amount of activity over a communication system n 交通
trail path, usually through a field or a forest n 跡,引きずる;後を追う
train vehicle that carries people and runs on rails n 電車
transfer To move something from one place to another verb 移動する;転送する
transform To change the shape completely in a good way verb 変換する
transition change from one state, movement, place, or subject to another n 遷移
translate To change words from one language into another verb 翻訳する
transport To carry things from one place to another verb 輸送する,輸送
transportation act, system, or business of moving people or goods from one place to another n 輸送;交通
trap device used for catching animals n わな,わなで捕える
travel to go to a place that is far away verb 旅行する
treat To act in a certain way toward someone verb 扱う
treatment way someone acts toward another n 取り扱い
tree tall green plants in a forest n
trend general direction of developing, proceeding n 傾向;流行
trial Concerning or used in a TRIAL n 裁判;審理
trick To make someone think something that is not true verb いたずら;ごまかし,だます
trigger lever on a gun that you pull to fire n 引き金;誘因,引き起こす
trillion 1,000,000,000,000 num
trip journey or visit to a place n 旅行
troop group of soldiers, especially horse; an organized group n 軍隊
trouble state of difficulty or stress n 悩み;困難;面倒;もめごと;病気;故障
truck automotive vehicle suitable for hauling n トラック
true Agreeing with the facts; not false; real or actual adv 真実の; 本当の
truly In accordance with truth or fact or reality adv 本当に
trust To be confident that someone is honest and reliable verb 信頼する,信頼;委託
truth real facts about something n 真理;真実
try To make an effort, to attempt to do something verb 試す;やってみる

tu

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
tube long, hollow object n
tuesday second day of the wee; the day after Monday n 火曜日
tune group of musical notes that make a nice sound n 曲;音調
turn To change the direction of something, e.g. a car verb 曲がる;向きを変える

tw

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
twelve 12 num 12
twenty number 20 num 20
twice Two times adv 2度;2倍
twin Two children born from same mother at same time n 双子
twist To turn something in opposite directions at the same time verb ねじる,ねじれ
two 2 num 2

ty

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
type group of things or people sharing common features n 型;種類;タイプ
typical normal; usual; expected adj 典型的な
typically in a normal or usual way adv 典型的に

u

ug

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ugly Unpleasant to look at; not attractive adj 醜い

ul

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
ultimately Done or considered as the final and most important adv 最終的に

un

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
unable Not being able to do something adj 〜することができない
uncertainty The feeling that you don't really know what will happen n 不確実なこと
unclear Not easy to understand; not obvious adj はっきりしない; 不明確な
under In the same place as another thing, but lower adj 以下の
undergo To experience or endure something (bad) that happens to you verb 経験する;(治療などを)受ける
underlie To lie or exist beneath verb 根底にある
understand to know the meaning of language, what someone says verb 分かる;理解する
undertake To begin or attempt, commit oneself to and begin verb 引き受ける
unemployment state of being unemployed or not having a job n 失業
unfortunately in a way that is to be regretted; unluckily adv 不運にも
uniform a set of clothes that show you are part of a group or school n 制服,統一の
union organization of workers to look after their needs n 結合;組合;連合
unique unlike other things; being the only one like it adj 独特の
unit single thing or person; a part of something larger n 単位;部署
unite To join or come together for the same goal verb 団結する;結合する
universal Done or experienced by everyone adj 全世界の;普遍的な
universe All of space and everything in it n 宇宙
university high-level educational institution; college n 大学
unknown Being unfamiliar or not known n 知られていない
unless negative of 'if' conj ~でない限り
unlike Appearing or being different adj 似ていない,〜と違って
unlikely Not being likely to happen or not likely to be the truth adv ~しそうにない
until Up to, to indicate a point in time when something happens conj ~まで
unusual Being rare or uncommon; not ordinary; strange adj 珍しい

up

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
up Move higher; raise adj 上へ;立って;起こって
update To bring something up to date (usually by adding something) verb 更新,更新する
upon More formal term for on prep 〜の上に
upper Located above others of the same kind adj 上の
upset Troubled, worried, or angry adj 動揺した
urban Concerning a city; located in a city adj 都会の
urge To strongly persuade someone to do something verb 促す,衝動;本能

us

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
us Belonging to the speaker and other people pron 私たちを
use to do something with, for a task or purpose verb 使う;利用する
useful that can help with a particular task adj 役に立つ
user person that uses a service or thing, e.g. a website n 使用者
usual being the way things occur most of the time adj いつもの
usually Normally; regularly adv 普通は

v

va

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
valley long, low area between hills or mountains, often with a river running through it n
valuable Being worth a lot of money adj 値段が高い
value To say how much money something is worth verb 値段をつける
van truck with an enclosed cargo space n 小型トラック
variable Having the ability to change or vary adj 変わりやすい
variation Something almost the same as another but different n 変化
variety particular type of thing or person n 多様性;種類
various several; consisting of different things or types adj 様々な
vary To be changeable, both up and down verb 変わる
vast Being very large in size or amount adj 広大な

ve

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
vegetable plant that is raised and eaten as food n 野菜
vehicle machine (such as a car) that is used to carry things n 乗り物
venture (business) activity that involves taking chances or risks n 危険を冒す;思い切って~する,危険;ベンチャー事業
verb word that expresses an action or state n 動詞
version particular form of something and other forms n 版;バージョン
versus Used to show that a thing or person is against another thing or person prep ~に対して
very lot; much verb とても,まさに
vessel Pot, container n 船舶;血管
veteran Experienced through long service or practice n ベテラン

vi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
via By going through, by way of prep ~を経由して;~によって
vice specific form of evildoing n 悪徳,副〜
victim person who is tricked or made to suffer n 被害者;犠牲者
victory Success in defeating an opponent n 勝利
video recording capturing action with sound n 動画;ビデオ
view things you are able to see from a specific place n 見えるもの、視界
village small town in the country n
violence use of physical force to harm someone n 暴力
violent done with force; likely to produce physical damage adj 暴力的な
virtually In an almost complete or entire manner adv 事実上
virus very small living thing that causes disease or sickness and can be spread among people or animals n pl. ウイルス
visible Can see , easily seen or understood adj 目に見える
vision ability to see things with your eyes n 視覚;視力
visit To go to a place for a time, usually for a reason verb 訪ねる,訪問する
visitor one who goes to a place to see it (or someone) n 訪問者
visual Something to look at with the eyes adj 視覚の
vital Being of extreme importance for the success of something adj 極めて重要な

vo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
voice sound made when you speak or sing n
volume level of sound produced by an object, such as a radio or television n 量;容積;体積
voluntary Done or given by their own will and not forced to do adj 自発的な;任意の;無償の
volunteer To work willingly without pay verb ボランティア 
vote to make a choice for or against, as in an election verb 投票する
voter person who can vote in an election n 投票者

w

wa

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
wage money paid to a worker for the hours they worked n 賃金
wait to spend time until an expected thing happens verb 待つ,待機する
wake To stop something or someone sleeping verb 目が覚める;目覚めさせる
walk to move with your legs at a slowish pace verb 歩く
wall high, flat side of a room or building n
wander To move around without purpose verb 歩き回る;さまよう
want To desire or wish for something; hope for a thing verb ~が欲しい;望んでいる;~したいと思う
war situation where armies fight each other n 戦争
warm slightly hot; not very hot adj 少し熱い
warn To tell someone about possible danger verb 警告する
wash To clean someone or something with soap and water verb 洗う
waste To use valuable things ineffectively verb むだに使う;浪費する
watch to look at carefully to work out what is happening verb 観察する
water clear liquid that forms the seas, rivers and rain n
wave to move your hand or arm to say hello or goodbye verb 手を振る
way how something is done n 方法;やり方

we

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
we Used to refer to the speaker and other people together pron 私たち
weak (power) Having little power; not strong; easy to break adj 弱い
weakness state, condition of not being powerful or strong n 弱さ
wealth large amount of money and possessions n
wealthy Having a great quantity of money or property adj 裕福な
weapon Something that is used for fighting n 武器
wear To have clothes, glasses, shoes etc on your body verb 着る
weather whether it is raining, sunny, cold etc outside n 天気;天候
web internet’s collection of interrelated information n インターネットのウェブ
wed formal to get married to verb 結婚する
wednesday third day of the week; the day after Tuesday n 水曜日
week period of seven days, starts on Sunday and end on Saturday n 週;週間
weekend Saturday and Sunday n 週末
weekly Happening, published, or done once a week adv 毎週
weigh to determine the weight of, using scales verb 重さを量る
weight How heavy something is n 重さ
weird Odd or unusual adj 変な
welcome friendly greeting to someone who has arrived n ようこそ,歓迎,歓迎する
welfare program for poor or unemployed people help living n 幸福;福祉
well In a good way adj 健康な
west direction that the sun sets from north, 90 degrees to the left n 西
western Coming from, found in, or facing towards the west adj 西の
wet Containing water or liquid; not dry adj 濡れている,濡らす

wh

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
whatever Anything or everything needed; no matter what det ~する事は何でも;何であれ;一体何が~
wheel circular thing that rolls, used for moving things n 車輪
when word you use to ask about the time or day n いつ
whenever At any or every time that adv ~するときはいつでも;いつであれ;一体いつ~
where word you use to ask the location of something n どこ
whereas taking into consideration the fact that conj ~である一方で
wherever In any situation or at any time that adv どこへ~しても
whether if something will happen or not conj ~かどうか;~であろうとなかろうと
which question word to ask about a person’s choice det どちら
while During the time that; at the same time conj ~の間に
whilst During the time that; at the same time conj ~の間に
whisper To talk with breath but no voice verb ささやく
white lightest color; the color of fresh snow and milk adj
who What or which person or people, to ask about, talking about pron
whole complete or full; all of adj 全部の
whom Used in formal writing or speech pron 誰を;誰に;~する人
whose Who owns something pron 誰の

wi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
wide Having a great distance from one side to the other adj 広い
Widely By or among a large number of people adv 全員に
wife married woman n
wild Living in nature; not tame adj 野生の
will used with verbs to express the future aux ~するつもりである;~でしょう;どうしても~するものだ;~しなさい;~することがある
win To succeed in a game or contest verb 勝つ
wind natural movement of outside air as part of the weather n
window opening in a wall or door to let in light n
wine alcoholic drink made from the juice of grapes n ワイン
wing part of an animal's body that is used for flying n
winner person or thing that wins a contest or race n 勝者;受賞者
winter coldest season of the year n
wipe To clean or dry something with a cloth verb 拭く
wire thin, flexible thread of metal n 針金;ワイヤー
wise knowledgeable about life; having good judgment adj 賢い
wish To want something to happen or to become true verb 願う
with Used to express that people or things are together prep ~と一緒に; ~で;~の一員で;~に賛成して;~した状態で
withdraw Pull back; move away or backward from something verb 撤回する;引き出す
within Not beyond the limits of a particular space, time or range adv ~中に;~以内
without Used to say you don't have something or it isn't in a place prep ~なしで
witness person who sees something happen n 目撃者,目撃する

wo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
woman adult female human being n 女性
wonder Surprise caused by experiencing something amazing n 驚き
wonderful producing feelings of enjoyment or delight adj 素晴らしい
wood Land covered with trees, smaller than a forest n 森林
wooden made of wood adj 木でできた
word unit of language that has a meaning n 単語;言葉
work activity you do in order to make money n 仕事
worker person who works n 労働者
world All the humans, events, activities on the earth n 世界
worry To feel concerned or troubled about something verb 心配する
worth how much something is worth; the value of something n 価値
would modal verb used to indicate possibility, request etc. aux ~だろう;~したい;よく~したものだった;~しようとしてきかない
wound physical injury especially that suffered in battle n 傷,負傷させる

wr

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
wrap To cover something by winding a piece of material around it verb 包む
write To compose letters and words on paper or a screen verb 書く
writer professional who writes books, articles etc n 作家;書き手
wrong Not right, incorrect; not true; bad adj 間違った;間違って

y

ya

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
yard outdoor area or garden next to a house n

ye

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
year unit of time equal to 12 months or 365 (or 366) days n
yellow color of lemons or the sun adj 黄色
yes way to say you agree or will do something itj はい
yesterday day before today adv 昨日
yet until now; up to the present adv まだ

wi

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
yield To give way to someone or something else verb 折れる;降伏する;譲る

yo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
you person someone is speaking or writing to pron あなた
young at an early stage of existence; not mature adj 若い
your belonging to you; belonging to the other person det あなたの
yourself reflexive form of 'you', used for an emphasis pron あなた自身
youth When you are young ; a young person n 青年時代;若さ;若者

z

ze

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
zero number 0 num ゼロ

zo

Meanings English Definition POS J Translation
zone area of space used for a particular reason n 地帯